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Table 6 The influence of work-related factors on breastfeeding practices among working mothers

From: The association between work related factors and breastfeeding practices among Chinese working mothers: a mixed-method approach

Theme Sub-theme
  Paid maternity leave Breastfeeding breaks
Employment benefits + paid maternity leaves for formally employed mothers + legally required breastfeeding breaks for formally employed mothers
- no guarantee for paid maternity leaves for informally employed mothers - difficulty of utilizing breastfeeding breaks for mothers who work far from home
- potential financial burden during maternity leave for informally employed mothers
  Mother’s commute time Proximity of family support
Commute time - great distance from home and heavy traffic problems + proximity and accessibility to family support for some informally self-employed workers
+ proximity of workplace to home
  Space for lactation Equipment for pumping breastmilk
Workplace environment - lack of lactation rooms - lack of basic equipment for pumping and storing breastmilk, such as electricity and refrigerator
+ some public space can be used for breastfeeding and pumping, but privacy and hygiene are not always ensured
  Flexibility of work schedule Stress from work
Labor intensity + flexible work schedule allows some working mothers to breastfeed during the day - heavy and stressful workload
- special work requirements that impeded breastfeeding attempts
- special work requirements such as night shift
  1. “+” means positive factors; “-” means negative factors