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Table 6 Determinants of timely initiation of breastfeeding: degree of association

From: Determinants of the early initiation of breastfeeding in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Parameter Early initiation of breastfeeding (n = 1700) p – value (Chi-square)
Delayed initiation Timely initiated
Location
 Urban 776 (45.7%) 584 (34.4%) 1.378 (0.241)
 Rural 182 (10.7%) 158 (9.3%)
Method of delivery
 vaginal 621 (36.5%) 633 (37.2%) 90.6 (0.001)
 Caesarean 337 (19.8%%) 109 (6.4%)
Received antenatal care
 Yes 886 (52.1%) 693 (40.8%) 0.526 (0.468)
 No 72 (4.2%) 49 (2.9%)
Received postnatal care
 Yes 823 (48.4%) 636 (37.4%) 0.013 (0.91)
 No 135 (7.9%) 106 (6.2%)
Previous child (child order)
 No previous child 286 (16.8%) 180 (10.6%) 6.58 (0.01)
 Second child and above 672 (39.5%) 562 (33.1%)
Knowledge about timing of breastfeeding initiation
 Don’t know when to initiate breastfeeding 884 (52%) 112 (6.6%) 1026.6 (<  0.001)
 Know when to initiate breastfeeding 74 (4.4%) 630 (37.1%)
Infant’s mother educational level
 Secondary school level and below 456 (26.8%) 400 (23.5%) 6.65 (0.01)
 Graduate and postgraduate levels 502 (29.5%) 342 (20.1%)
Child mother age
  < 25 year 146 (8.6%) 124 (%)7.3 0.678 (0.41)
  ≥ 25 years 812 (47.8%) 618 (36.4%)
Child weight at delivery time
  < 2.5 Kg 161 (9.5%) 71 (4.2%) 18.58 (< 0.001)
  ≥ 2.5 Kg 797 (46.9%) 671 (39.5%)
Receiving breastfeeding information
 Yes 551 (32.4%) 524 (30.8%) 30.8 (<  0.001)
 No 407 (23.9%) 218 (12.8%)
Child mother occupation
 Working woman 340 (20%) 230 (13.5%) 3.79 (0.052)
 Housewife 618 (36.4%) 512 (30.1%)
Region
 Central (Riyadh) 308 (18.1%) 192 (11.3%) 90.45 (<  0.001)
 Northern (Hail) 221 (13%) 79 (4.7%)
 Eastern (Dammam) 152 (8.9%) 148 (8.7%)
 Western (Jeddah) 165 (9.7%) 135 (7.9%)
 Southern (Jazan) 112 (6.6%) 188 (11.1%)