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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the study population

From: Determinants of the early initiation of breastfeeding in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Demographic characteristics Region KSA n = 1700
Central (Riyadh) n = 500 Southern (Jazan) n = 300 Eastern (Dammam) n = 300 Northern (Hail) n = 300 Western (Jeddah) n = 300
n % n % n % n % n % n %
Maternal age
 15 – <  20 years 7 1.4 9 3.0 4 1.3 2 0.7 1 0.3 23 1.4%
 20 – <  25 years 86 17.2 44 14.7 51 17.0 28 9.3 38 12.7 247 14.5%
 25 – <  30 years 189 37.8 88 29.3 95 31.7 107 35.7 91 30.3 570 33.5%
 30 – <  35 years 103 20.6 71 23.7 73 24.3 85 28.3 80 26.7 412 24.2%
  ≥ 35 years 115 77.0 88 29.3 77 25.7 78 26.0 90 30.0 448 26.4%
Mother work
 Housewife 368 73.6 170 56.7 210 70.0 200 66.7 182 60.7 1130 66.5%
 Working Mothers 108 21.6% 106 35.3% 83 27.7% 88 29.3% 105 35% 490 28.8%
 Student 24 4.8 24 8.0 7 2.3 12 4.0 13 4.3 80 4.7%
Mother education
 Illiterate 22 4.4 12 4.0 15 5.0 7 2.3 10 3.3 66 3.9%
 Primary level 69 13.8 27 9.0 12 4.0 15 5.0 19 6.3 142 8.4%
 Intermediate level 77 15.4 34 11.3 29 9.7 17 5.7 31 10.3 188 11.1%
 Secondary level 119 23.8 69 23.0 106 35.3 91 30.3 76 25.3 461 27.1%
 University level 211 42.2 158 52.7 138 46.0 170 56.7 164 54.7 841 49.5%
 Postgrad level 2 0.4 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 0.1%
Mother marital status
 Married 450 90.0 293 97.7 294 98.0 295 98.3 287 95.7 1619 61.6
 Divorced 48 9.6 6 2.0 6 2.0 5 1.7 13 4.3 78 32.1
 Widowed 2 0.4 1 0.3 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 3 0.2
Father age
 20 - < 30 years 108 21.6 60 20.0 67 22.3 46 15.3 49 16.3 330 19.4
 30 - < 40 years 273 54.6 159 53.0 159 53.0 185 61.7 172 57.3 948 55.8
 40 - < 50 years 94 18.8 62 20.7 62 20.7 57 19.0 63 21.0 338 19.9
 50 - < 60 years 23 4.6 15 5.0 7 2.3 10 3.3 16 5.3 71 4.2
  > 60 years 2 0.4 4 1.3 5 1.7 2 0.7 0 0.0 13 0.8
Father work
 Government employee 244 58.8 141 47 117 39.1 173 67.7 104 34.7 779 45.8
 Private sector employee 97 19.4 131 43.7 128 42.7 112 37.3 145 48.3 613 36.1
 Private business 159 31.8 28 9.3 55 18.3 15 5.0 51 17.0 308 18.1
Father education
 Illiterate 6 1.2 3 1.0 8 2.7 3 1.0 2 0.7 22 1.3
 Primary level 52 10.4 24 8.0 10 3.3 9 3.0 12 4.0 107 6.3
 Intermediate level 76 15.2 39 13.0 27 9.0 28 9.3 38 12.7 208 12.2
 Secondary level 173 34.6 115 38.3 131 43.7 109 36.3 109 36.3 637 37.5
 University level 188 37.6 115 38.3 121 40.3 148 49.3 132 44.0 704 41.4
 Postgrad level 5 1.0 4 0.67 3 1.0 3 1.0 7 2.3 22 1.28
Father marital status
 Married 496 99.2 295 98.3 298 99.3 300 100.0 295 98.3 1384 81.4
 Divorced 4 0.8 5 1.7 2 0.7 0.0 0.0 5 1.7 316 18.6
Child sex
 Male 229 45.8 166 55.3 169 56.3 160 53.3 157 52.3 881 51.8
 Female 271 54.2 134 44.7 131 43.7 140 46.7 143 47.7 819 48.2
Child age
 1–2 months 18 3.6 30 10 18 6 14 4.7 18 6 98 5.8
 3–4 months 38 7.6 29 9.7 38 12.7 151 50.3 46 15,3 302 17.8
 5–6 months 47 9.4 17 5.7 8 2.7 0.0 0.0 38 12.7 110 6.5
 7–12 months 158 31.6 87 29 91 30.3 2 0.7 95 31.7 433 25.5
 13–18 months 128 25.6 88 29.3 67 22.3 79 26.3 62 20.7 424 24.9
 19–24 months 111 22.2 49 16.3 78 26 54 18 41 13.7 333 19.6
Method of delivery
 Vaginal 366 73.2 235 78.3 241 80.3 210 70.0 202 67.3 1254 73.8
 Caesarean 134 26.8 65 21.7 59 19.7 90 30.0 98 32.7 446 26.2
Child weight at delivery time
  < 2.5 Kg. 106 21.2 31 10.3 35 11.7 30 10.0 30 10.0 232 13.6
 2.5 Kg. 122 24.4 118 39.3 107 35.7 112 37.3 122 40.7 581 34.2
  > 2.5 Kg. 272 54.4 151 50.3 158 52.7 158 52.7 148 49.3 887 52.2
Age of the previous child
 1–2 years 27 5.4 38 12.7 19 6.3 43 14.3 28 9.3 155 9.1
 3–5 years 195 39.0 130 43.3 122 40.7 164 54.7 148 49.3 759 44.6
  > 5 years 118 23.6 49 16.3 56 18.7 56 18.7 41 13.7 320 18.8
 No previous child 160 32.0 83 27.7 103 34.3 37 12.3 83 27.7 466 27.4