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Table 3 Adjusted and unadjusted models showing determinants of exclusive breastfeeding

From: Beyond health care providers’ recommendations: understanding influences on infant feeding choices of women with HIV in the Eastern Cape, South Africa

Variables Unadjusted Odds ratio (95%CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95%CI)
Education level
 No education/ grade 1–12 1.81 (1.17, 2.79)* 1.81 (1.14, 2.86)*
 Tertiary education   
Place of residence
 Rural/peri-urban 1.31 (0.97, 1.76) 1.44 (1.05, 1.96)*
 Urban   
Alcohol use
 Ever drank alcohol 1.68 (1.30, 2.19)*** 1.65 (1.25, 2.18)***
 Never drank alcohol   
HIV status at booking
 Negative/unknown 1.83 (1.29, 2.61)* 1.85 (1.27, 2.70)*
 Positive   
Age
 30 years and below 1.36 (1.07, 1.74)* 1.20 (0.92, 1.57)
 Above 30 years   
WHO Clinical stage
 Stage 2–4 1.59 (1.05, 2.40)* 1.77 (1.15, 2.72)*
 Stage 1   
Marital status
 Currently married 1.29 (0.93, 1.79) 1.43 (1.01, 2.02)*
 Not currently married   
  1. ***represents p-value < 0.001; *represents p-value < 0.05; CI Confidence Interval