Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Association between demographic, clinical, behavioural characteristics, and infant feeding practices

From: Beyond health care providers’ recommendations: understanding influences on infant feeding choices of women with HIV in the Eastern Cape, South Africa

Variables Total n (%) Exclusive Breastfeeding n (%) Exclusive Formula Feeding n (%) p-value
All 1662 (100%) 1334 (80.3) 321 (19.3)  
Age
 20 and below 118 (7.1) 98 (83.1) 20 (16.9) 0.096
 21–25 356 (21.5) 300 (84.3) 56 (15.7)  
 26–30 448 (27.1) 363 (81.0) 85 (19.0)  
 31–35 422 (25.5) 321 (76.1) 101 (23.9)  
 36–40 250 (15.1) 198 (79.2) 52 (20.8)  
 Above 40 61 (3.7) 50 (82.0) 11 (18.0)  
Marital status
 Married 306 (19.1) 255 (83.3) 51 (16.7) 0.428
 Single 1091 (68.1) 864 (79.2) 227 (20.8)  
 Co-habiting 182 (11.4) 147 (80.8) 35 (19.2)  
 Divorced 24 (1.5) 20 (83.3) 4 (16.7)  
Type of residence
 Rural 536 (33.1) 429 (80.0) 107 (20.0) 0.129
 Semi-urban 763 (47.1) 627 (82.2) 136 (17.8)  
 Urban 320 (19.8) 246 (76.9) 74 (23.1)  
Educational level
 Illiterate 5 (0.3) 5 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 0.036
 Grade 1–6 74 (4.5) 60 (81.1) 14 (18.9)  
 Grade 7–12 1441 (88.5) 1168 (81.1) 273 (18.9)  
 Tertiary 108 (6.6) 76 (70.4) 32 (29.6)  
Employment status
 Unemployed 1234 (75.2) 1004 (81.4) 230 (18.6) 0.029
 Employed 409 (24.8) 312 (76.8) 94 (23.2)  
Smoking status
 Smoking during pregnancy 91 (5.5) 75 (82.4) 16 (17.6) 0.468
 Quit smoking during pregnancy 80 (4.9) 68 (85.0) 12 (15.0)  
 Never smoked 1478 (89.6) 1181 (79.9) 297 (20.1)  
Alcohol use
 Drank during pregnancy 220 (13.3) 188 (85.5) 32 (14.5) < 0.001
 Stopped during pregnancy 427 (25.8) 365 (85.0) 64 (15.0)  
 Never drank 1005 (60.8) 777 (77.3) 228 (22.7)  
Disclosure to family
 No 333 (20.3) 275 (82.6) 58 (17.4) 0.138
 Yes 1308 (79.7) 1043 (79.7) 265 (20.3)  
Disclosure to partner
 No 427 (26.1) 352 (82.4) 75 (17.6) 0.115
 Yes 1211 (73.9) 964 (79.6) 247 (20.4)  
Self-reporting of adherence
 No 367 (23.0) 289 (78.7) 78 (21.3) 0.230
 Yes 1232 (77.0) 993 (80.7) 238 (19.3)  
Pick up HAART
 No 288 (18.5) 230 (79.9) 58 (20.1.) 0.387
 Yes 1270 (81.5) 1026 (80.8) 244 (19.2)  
Defaulted ARV
 No 1369 (87.8) 1103 (80.6) 266 (19.4) 0.173
 Yes 190 (12.2) 147 (77.4) 43 (22.6)  
HIV status at booking
 Positive 1310 (80.6) 1028 (78.5) 282 (21.5) 0.002
 Negative 87 (5.4) 78 (89.7) 9 (10.3)  
 Unknown 228 (14.0) 196 (86.0) 32 (14.0)  
PP CD4
 Normal 552 (33.4) 447 (81.0) 105 (19.0) 0.242
 Mild immunosuppression 355 (21.5) 277 (78.0) 78 (22.0)  
 Advanced immunosuppression 373 (22.5) 311 (83.4) 62 (16.6)  
 Severe immunosuppression 375 (22.7) 295 (78.7) 80 (21.3)  
WHO Clinical stage
 Stage 1 1447 (87.4) 1151 (79.5) 296 (20.5) 0.055
 Stage 2 188 (11.4) 159 (84.6) 29 (15.4)  
 Stage 3 16 (1.0) 16 (100.0) 0 (0.0)  
 Stage 4 4 (0.2) 4 (100.0) 0 (0.0)