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Table 2 Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months among mothers without HIV and with HIV

From: Higher likelihood of 6-months exclusive breastfeeding among HIV infected than uninfected mothers: a household survey in Kenya

  HIV uninfected mothers (n = 279)a HIV infected mothers (n = 147)a
Unadjusted Odds Ratio Adjusted Odds Ratio Unadjusted Odds Ratio Adjusted Odds Ratio
[OR](95% CI) P-value [OR](95% CI) P-value [OR](95% CI) P- value [OR] (95% CI) P-value
Age 0.97 (0.93, 1.0) 0.097 0.96 (0.91, 1.0) 0.081 1.04 (1.00, 1.12) 0.128 1.04 (1.00, 1.12) 0.345
Marital status
 Married (monogamous) 1     1   1  
 Married (polygamous) 0.40 (0.17, 1.00) 0.040 0.38 (0.20, 0.94) 0.036 1.07 (0.42, 2.72) 0.889 0.82 (0.30, 2.31) 0.701
 Single 2.04 (0.72, 5.90) 0.182 2.14 (0.63, 7.21) 0.222 0.36 (0.06, 2.22) 0.269 0.23 (0.02, 2.60) 0.234
 Widowed 1.79 (0.11, 29.0) 0.682 3.02 (0.20, 53.00) 0.463 1.20 (0.40, 4.20) 0.771 1.24 (0.32, 4.83) 0.759
Any antenatal care visit 0.43 (0.14, 1.33) 0.143 0.28 (0.10, 1.00) 0.048 1.90 (0.40, 9.80) 0.441 1.91 (0.30, 12.80) 0.505
Delivery care
 No assistance 1     1    
 Skilled assistance 1.17 (0.61, 2.23) 0.633 0.97 (0.50, 2.00) 0.942 0.74 (0.30, 1.90) 0.528 0.89 (0.30, 2.63) 0.834
 Unskilled assistance 0.58 (0.30, 1.20) 0.122 0.46 (0.22, 1.00) 0.042 0.41 (0.20, 1.12) 0.081 0.55 (0.20, 1.72) 0.306
Received breastfeeding counseling at clinic 1.28 (0.80, 2.10) 0.322 1.41 (0.83, 2.41) 0.202 3.96 (1.40, 11.43) 0.011 3.68 (1.00, 13.70) 0.052
Initiation of breastfeeding
  < 1 h after delivery 1        
 1 h - 1 day after delivery 0.67 (0.40, 1.17) 0.161 0.54 (0.30, 1.00) 0.049 0.84 (0.42, 1.70) 0.633 0.97 (0.50, 2.60) 0.952
  > 1 day after delivery 0.41 (0.10, 2.00) 0.270 0.32 (0.06, 1.84) 0.204 0.16 (0.02, 1.70) 0.121 0.24 (0.02, 2.90) 0.261
Knowledge of HIV transmission through premastication 1.16 (0.70, 2.02) 0.587 1.04 (0.60, 1.90) 0.896 1.75 (0.80, 4.13) 0.197 2.17 (0.81, 5.83) 0.123
  1. aAmong 279 HIV uninfected and 147 HIV infected mothers with available data at time point of interest