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Table 1 Sociodemographic and breastfeeding characteristics of mothers with HIV and without HIV

From: Higher likelihood of 6-months exclusive breastfeeding among HIV infected than uninfected mothers: a household survey in Kenya

Variables HIV uninfected (n = 281) HIV infected (n = 154)  
n (%) or median (IQR) n (%) or median (IQR) p -value
Age 25 (22–30) 28 (24–32) <  0.001
Marital status
 Married (monogamous) 226 (80.4) 112 (72.7)  
 Married (polygamous) 38 (13.5) 24 (15.6)  
 Single 15 (5.3) 5 (3.4)  
 Widowed 2 (0.7) 13 (8.4) <  0.001
Employed 129 (46.1) 53 (34.6) 0.025
Primary education or less 243 (86.8) 135 (87.7) 0.881
Any antenatal care visit 268 (95.4) 148 (96.1) 0.810
Home deliverya 168 (59.8) 80 (51.9) 0.129
Delivery care
 No assistance 59 (21.0) 31 (20.4)  
 Skilled assistance 117 (41.6) 75 (49.3)  
 Unskilled assistance 105 (37.4) 46 (30.3) 0.256
Received breastfeeding counseling at clinic 145 (51.6) 136 (88.9) <  0.001
Initiation of breastfeeding
  < 1 h after delivery 188 (66.9) 98 (63.6)  
 1 h – 1 day after delivery 83 (29.5) 52 (33.8)  
  > 1 day after delivery 10 (3.6) 4 (2.6) 0.651
Exclusive breastfeeding duration
  < 6 mo 184 (65.5) 54 (35.1)  
 6 mo 97 (34.5) 100 (64.9) <  0.001
Median duration of exclusive breastfeeding 4 (3–6) 6 (4–6) <  0.001
Ever premasticated 37 (13.2) 6 (3.9) 0.001
Knowledge of HIV transmission through premastication 200 (71.2) 128 (83.1) 0.005
  1. aHome delivery is not included in multivariable analysis because it is collinear with delivery care