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Table 4 Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding during hospital stay in the semi-rural population

From: Factors associated with a low prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding during hospital stay in urban and semi-rural areas of southern Vietnam

Characteristics   Yes (n = 1823)   No (n = 635)   Unadjusted    Adjusted  
n Frequency (%) n Frequency (%) OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) p
Household wealth (Ref: 1st quintile) 1821   634     0.217    0.444
 2nd quintile   803 (44)   305 (48) 0.85 (0.71, 1.02)   0.94 (0.76, 1.16)  
 3rd quintile   42 (2)   14 (2) 0.97 (0.53, 1.86)   1.43 (0.71, 3.06)  
Mother
 Primiparous 1821 1085 (60) 634 407 (64) 0.82 (0.68, 0.99) 0.040 0.79 (0.62, 1.02) 0.071
 Age a (years) 1822 24 (21, 29) 635 25 (22, 29) 0.98 (0.96, 1.00) 0.024 0.99 (0.96, 1.01) 0.234
 Ethnic: Other (Ref: Kinh) 1820 4 (<  1) 634 1 (<  1) 1.39 (0.21, 27.30) 0.759 1.10 (0.16, 21.69) 0.929
 High education 1821 394 (22) 634 167 (26) 0.77 (0.63, 0.95) 0.016 0.91 (0.69, 1.22) 0.531
 Currently married 1821 1811 (99) 634 629 (99) 1.44 (0.45, 4.07) 0.517 1.19 (0.05, 43.13) 0.920
 In-paid employment mother 1821 1238 (68) 634 450 (71) 0.87 (0.71, 1.06) 0.159 0.87 (0.69, 1.08) 0.203
 Living with others 1819 1806 (99) 633 628 (99) 1.11 (0.35, 2.95) 0.850 0.25 (0.01, 3.56) 0.359
 Complication during pregnancy 1823 212 (12) 635 97 (15) 0.73 (0.56, 0.95) 0.019 0.86 (0.65, 1.16) 0.325
 HIV and/or Hepatitis B infection 1823 14 (1) 635 9 (1) 0.54 (0.23, 1.30) 0.161 0.70 (0.28, 1.93) 0.475
Father
 Ethnic: Other (Ref: Kinh) 1820 3 (<  1) 633 2 (<  1) 0.52 (0.09, 3.96) 0.488 0.57 (0.09, 4.75) 0.570
 High education 1821 495 (27) 633 203 (32) 0.79 (0.65, 0.96) 0.020 0.96 (0.74, 1.26) 0.778
 In-paid employment father 1821 1818 (100) 633 631 (100) 1.92 (0.25, 11.62) 0.488 2.24 (0.29, 13.85) 0.402
Infant
 Premature at birth 1823 32 (2) 635 18 (3) 0.61 (0.35, 1.12) 0.109 0.72 (0.38, 1.44) 0.346
 Male 1823 925 (51) 635 330 (52) 0.95 (0.79, 1.14) 0.594 1.03 (0.85, 1.26) 0.744
 Caesarean section 1823 25 (1) 635 137 (22) 0.05 (0.03, 0.08) <  0.001 0.05 (0.03, 0.08) <  0.001
 Low birthweight 1823 75 (4) 635 35 (6) 0.74 (0.49, 1.12) 0.151 0.77 (0.50, 1.23) 0.276
 Neonatal complication at birth 1823 21 (1) 635 36 (6) 0.19 (0.11, 0.33) <  0.001 0.25 (0.14, 0.46) <  0.001
  1. adescribed in median (interquartile)
  2. OR: odds ratio; 95% CI: 95% confidence interval. OR, 95% CI and p values were estimated using univariable (unadjusted) and multivariable (adjusted) logistic regression models
  3. High education: completed lower secondary school (> 9 years of education), Premature at birth: gestational age at birth < 37 weeks, Low birthweight: birthweight < 2500 g