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Table 2 Results from self-reported questionnaires collected from participants at baseline after they had just received labour epidural analgesia and at 5–9 weeks postpartum

From: Investigating factors associated with success of breastfeeding in first-time mothers undergoing epidural analgesia: a prospective cohort study

Characteristics Participant still breastfeeding 5–9 weeks postpartum? Total (n = 329)
Yes (n = 263) No (n = 66)
State-Trait Anxiety Inventory
 At baseline
  State anxiety score 36.0 ± 8.93 38.2 ± 12.55 36.4 ± 9.77
  Trait anxiety score 37.5 ± 6.41 38.8 ± 8.56 37.7 ± 6.90
  Total score 73.5 ± 14.19 77.0 ± 19.87 74.2 ± 15.51
 At 5–9 weeks postpartum
  State anxiety score 30.0 ± 8.88 30.7 ± 9.48 30.2 ± 8.99
  Trait anxiety score 35.0 ± 7.14 36.0 ± 8.00 35.2 ± 7.32
  Total score 65.1 ± 15.21 66.7 ± 16.72 65.4 ± 15.51
 Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale
  At baseline 7.0 ± 3.76 7.7 ± 5.33 7.2 ± 4.13
  At 5–9 weeks postpartum 2.7 ± 3.79 3.3 ± 4.35 2.8 ± 3.91
Short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire (at baseline) 42.4 ± 34.30 48.5 ± 41.74 43.7 ± 35.99
Perceived Stress Scale (at baseline) 18.9 ± 4.60 19.3 ± 5.21 19.0 ± 4.72
Pain Catastrophizing Scale (at baseline)
 Rumination score 8.2 ± 4.34 8.7 ± 4.67 8.3 ± 4.40
 Magnification score 4.3 ± 2.86 5.1 ± 3.15 4.4 ± 2.93
 Helplessness score 9.4 ± 6.17 10.1 ± 6.06 9.6 ± 6.15
 Total score 22.6 ± 12.59 24.5 ± 12.67 23.0 ± 12.61
Use of support services on breastfeeding (at 5–9 weeks postpartum)
 Help from lactation consultant during hospital stay 105 (39.9) 18 (27.3) 123 (37.4)
 Help from ward nurse during hospital stay 218 (82.9) 52 (78.8) 270 (82.1)
 Attended lactation clinic 12 (4.6) 1 (1.5) 13 (4.0)
 Contacted hospital helpline 5 (1.9) 2 (3.0) 7 (2.1)
 Not at all 11 (4.2) 8 (12.1) 19 (5.8)
Reported reasons for stopping breastfeeding (at 5–9 weeks postpartum)
 Insufficient milk supply   50 (75.8)  
 Participant’s volition   22 (33.3)  
 Difficulty with latching onto breast   8 (12.1)  
 Medical reasons (either baby or mother)   6 (9.1)  
 Fatigue/Tiredness   5 (7.6)  
 Need to return to work after maternity leave   6 (9.1)  
 Sore nipples   1 (1.5)  
 Lack of breastfeeding facilities at workplace   1 (1.5)  
  1. Values are represented either as mean ± SD or frequency (proportion)