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Table 1 Participants’ demographic and obstetric characteristics (n = 329)

From: Investigating factors associated with success of breastfeeding in first-time mothers undergoing epidural analgesia: a prospective cohort study

Characteristics Participant still breastfeeding 5–9 weeks postpartum? Total (n = 329)
Yes (n = 263) No (n = 66)
Age (years) 30.2 ± 4.15 29.5 ± 5.58 30.1 ± 4.47
Ethnicity
 Chinese 176 (66.9) 32 (48.5) 208 (63.2)
 Indian 24 (9.1) 6 (9.1) 30 (9.1)
 Malay 33 (12.5) 17 (25.8) 50 (15.2)
 Others 30 (11.4) 11 (16.7) 41 (12.5)
Mode of delivery
 Normal vaginal delivery 153 (58.2) 34 (51.5) 187 (56.8)
 Instrument-assisted delivery 46 (17.5) 9 (13.6) 55 (16.7)
 Emergency Caesarean Section 64 (24.3) 23 (34.8) 87 (26.4)
Satisfaction with birth experience
 Extremely satisfied 42 (16.0) 11 (16.7) 53 (16.1)
 Very satisfied 74 (28.1) 17 (25.8) 91 (27.7)
 Satisfied 126 (47.9) 32 (48.5) 158 (48.0)
 Unsatisfied 19 (7.2) 3 (4.5) 22 (6.7)
 Extremely unsatisfied 2 (0.8) 3 (4.5) 5 (1.5)
Complications experienced intrapartum
 Premature rupture of membranes 39 (14.8) 15 (22.7) 54 (16.4)
 Maternal pyrexia 72 (27.4) 21 (31.8) 93 (28.3)
 Non-reassuring fetal status 27 (10.3) 5 (7.6) 32 (9.7)
 Failure to progress 32 (12.2) 13 (19.7) 45 (13.7)
Intrapartum blood loss (per 100 ml) 2.5 ± 1.04 3.0 ± 1.76 2.6 ± 1.23
Occurrence of fetal anomalies 3 (1.1) 4 (6.1) 7 (2.1)
  1. Values are represented either as mean ± SD or number (proportion)