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Table 3 Determinants of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers in rural southern India (n = 1292)

From: Determinants of exclusive breastfeeding in rural South India

  Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Maternal age, y 1.06** (1.02, 1.09) 1.04* (1.00, 1.09)
Maternal education
 No education 1.54* (1.10, 2.16) 1.56* (1.10, 2.21)
 Primary (1–8 years yrs) 0.81 (0.64, 1.01) 0.83 (0.66, 1.04)
 More than primary (>  8 yrs) 1.00 1.00
Household income, INR
  < 4000 0.93 (0.61, 1.41)
 4001-10,000 0.85 (0.55, 1.30)
  > 10,000 1.00
Employed
 No 1.00
 Yes 1.12 (0.79, 1.59)
Religion
 Hindu 1.00
 Muslim/others 1.71(0.62, 4.73)
Gravidity
 Primigravida 1.00 (0.81, 1.24)
 Multigravida 1.00
Infant gender
 Boy 1.00
 Girl 1.11 (0.91, 1.37)
 Twins 1.41 (0.31, 6.33)
Birthweight
 Normal weight (>  2500 g) 1.00
 Low birthweight (≤  2500 g) 1.21 (0.97, 1.52)
Antenatal visits
  < 4 1.00 1.00
 5–6 1.08 (0.72, 1.63) 1.14 (0.74, 1.74)
 7–10 1.50* (1.05, 2.14) 1.57* (1.09, 2.27)
  > 10 1.88 (0.71, 4.96) 2.06 (1.77, 5.49)
Happy with infant gender
 Yes 1.00
 No 1.06 (0.78, 1.46)
Birth attendant
 Traditional Birth Attendant 0.75 (0.34, 1.67)
 Relative 0.72 (0.34, 1.53)
 Auxiliary Nurse Midwife 0.71 (0.94, 1.43)
 Doctor/nurse 1.00
Delivery location
 Home 0.82 (0.47, 1.41)
 Maternity/Private nursing home 1.16 (0.81, 2.47)
 Sub-center/PHC/District Health 1.00
Delivery type
 Vaginal 1.00
 Caesarian 1.17 (0.89, 1.55)
Assistance during breastfeeding
 Yes 1.00
 No 1.01 (0.82, 1.26)
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01