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Table 2 Mother-infant dyad characteristics by practice of exclusive breastfeeding in rural southern India (n = 1292)

From: Determinants of exclusive breastfeeding in rural South India

Characteristics Exclusive breastfeeding (n = 627) Non-Exclusive Breastfeeding (n = 665)
  n % n %
Maternal age, mean(SD) 21.0 ± 2.8 20.6 ± 2.7
Maternal education
 No education 102 60.7 66 39.3
 Primary (1–8 yrs) 223 43.6 288 56.4
 More than primary (>  8 yrs) 302 49.3 311 50.7
Religion
 Hindu 621 51.5 659 49.5
 Muslim/others 6 50.0 6 50.0
Employed
 No 614 48.8 645 51.2
 Yes 13 39.4 20 60.6
Household income, INR
  < 4000 323 48.7 340 51.3
 4001-10,000 256 47.8 280 52.2
  > 10,000 48 51.6 45 48.4
Gravida
 Primigravida 336 48.4 359 51.7
 Multigravida 291 48.7 306 51.3
Infant gender
 Girl 303 49.4 311 50.7
 Boy 320 47.7 351 52.3
 Twins 4 57.1 3 42.9
Birthweight
 Normal weight (>  2500 g) 370 46.7 423 53.3
 Low birthweight (≤ 2500 g) 257 51.5 242 48.5
Antenatal visits
  < 4 55 41.4 78 58.7
 5–6 105 43.6 136 56.4
 7–10 456 50.7 444 49.3
  > 10 11 61.1 7 38.9
Happy with infant gender
 No 69 45.1 84 54.9
 Yes 558 49.0 581 51.0
Birth attendant
 Traditional Birth Attendant 11 45.8 13 54.2
 Relative 11 44.0 14 56.0
 Auxiliary Nurse Midwife 55 42.6 74 57.4
 Doctor/Nurse 550 49.4 564 50.6
Delivery place
 Home 23 45.1 28 54.9
 Sub-center/PHC/District Health 344 47.0 388 53.0
 Maternity/Private Nursing Home 260 51.1 249 48.9
Delivery type
 Vaginal 514 47.9 560 52.1
 Caesarian 113 51.8 105 48.2
Assistance during breastfeeding
 No 213 49.0 222 51.0
 Yes 414 48.3 443 51.7
  1. Note: Percents are row percents