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Table 3 Comparison of breastfeeding behaviors, newborn temperature and third stage of labor between groups

From: The effect of mother and newborn early skin-to-skin contact on initiation of breastfeeding, newborn temperature and duration of third stage of labor

Items Skin-to-skin contact group (n = 56) Routine care group (n = 52) p value
- Time to initiate breastfeeding (minute)
 • (Mean ± SD)
 • Range
2.41 ± 1.385
1–9
5.48 ± 5.704
1–19
< 0.001a
- Duration of first breastfeed(minute)
 • (Mean ± SD)
 • Range
23.07 ± 7.89
10–35
23.79 ± 8.22
10–25
0.64a
- Temperature of newborns (degree Celsius)
 • (Mean ± SD)
 • Range
37.33 ± 0.65
35.62–38.50
36.18 ± 0.99
33.5–38.1
< 0.001a
- Newborn hypothermia
 • Yes
 • No
1 (2%)
55 (98%)
30 (58%)
22 (42%)
< 0.000b
- Duration of third stage of labor (minute)
 • (Mean ± SD)
 • Range
6 ± 1.7
1–10
8.02 ± 3.6
1–20
< 0.001a
  1. aChi square test
  2. bT test