Skip to main content

Table 2 Success of breastfeeding in mothers with skin-to-skin contact and routine care

From: The effect of mother and newborn early skin-to-skin contact on initiation of breastfeeding, newborn temperature and duration of third stage of labor

Item Score Skin-to-skin contact group (n = 56) Routine care group(n = 52) p-value *
n (%) n (%)
Latch • (0) Too sleepy or reluctant, not latch obtained 1 (2) 0 (0%) 0.62
• (1) Repeated attempts, must hold nipple in mouth, must stimulate to suck 30 (54%) 29 (56%)  
• (2) Grasps breast, tongue down and forward, lips flanged, Rhythmic suckling 24 (43%) 23 (44%)  
Audible swallowing • (0) None
• (1) A few with stimulation
• (2) Spontaneous and intermittent
0 (0%)
26 (46%)
30 (54%)
3 (6%)
21 (40%)
28 (54%)
0.17
Type of nipple • (0) Inverted
• (1) Flat
• (2) Everett after stimulation
0 (0%)
9 (16%)
47(84%)
0 (0%)
18 (35%)
34 (65%)
0.02
Comfort • (0) Engorged, cracked, bleeding, large blister, severe discomfort. 0 (0%) 0 (0%)  
• (1) Filling, Reddened, small blister or bruises, mother complains, mild/moderate discomfort 6(11%) 6 (11%)  
• (2) Soft, non- tender, intact nipple 50 (89%) 46 (88%) 0.89
Hold • (0) Full assist (staffs holds the baby at breast) 13 (23%) 19 (36%) 0.24
• (1) Minimal assistant, Teach one side mother - does other staff holds and then mother take over 23 (42%) 20 (38%)  
• (2) No assist from staff, mother able to position and hold the infant 20 (36%) 12 (23%)  
Total score • >  7 (Successful breastfeeding)
• <  7 (Unsuccessful breastfeeding)
27 (48%)
29 (52%)
24 (46%)
28 (54%)
0.83
  1. Note: LATCH scale [20] was used in this study to assess success of breastfeeding
  2. *Chi square test