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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariable analysis for delayed in initiation of breastfeeding in Juba Teaching Hospital, South Sudan

From: Factors associated with delayed initiation of breastfeeding: a cross-sectional study in South Sudan

  Bivariate n = 806 Multivariable n = 806
Variables OR (95% CI) AORa (95% CI)
Infant’s sex
 Male 1  
 Female 0.84 (0.64, 1.11)
Mother’s age
  ≤ 19 1  
 20–24 0.90 (0.60, 1.37)
 25–29 1.10 (0.72, 1.67)
 30–34 0.78 (0.48, 1.27)
  ≥ 35 1.28 (0.65, 2.52)
Place of residence
 Urban 1  
 Rural 1.19 (0.90, 1.57)
House ownership
 Yes 1 1
 No 1.70 (1.29, 2.45) 1.52 (1.11, 2.09)
Mother marital status
 Married 1 1
 Unmarried 3.32 (1.41, 7.79) 3.76 (1.53, 9.24)
Mother education status
 None 1  
 Primary 1.56 (0.78, 1.71)
 Secondary 1.26 (0.83, 1.92)
 Tertiary 1.47 (0.36, 1.28)
Mother employment status
 Employed 1  
 Not employed 1.03 (0.75, 1.42)
Antenatal care visits
 2 or more 1  
 0–1 1.97 (1.19, 3.26) 1.53(0.87, 2.71)
Skilled birth attendant
 Yes 1  
 No 1.88 (0.70, 5.06)
Mode of birth
 Normal vaginal 1  
 Caesarean section 37.23 (11.68, 119) 41 (12.21, 138)
Birth type
 Single 1  
 Multiple 2.07 (0.71, 6.01)
Birth order
 Multipara 1  
 Primipara 1.20 (0.90, 1.60) 1.22 (0.88, 1.68)
Exposure to infant formula advertisement one month before birth
 No 1 1
 Yes 2.08 (1.32, 3.28) 1.82 (1.09, 3.02)
Breastfeeding counseling
 Yes 1  
 No 0.81(0.62, 1.08)
Breastfeeding support
 Yes 1  
 No 1.13 (0.85, 1.49)
Discarding of colostrum
 No   
 Yes 10.88(4.65, 25.47) 9.89 (4.14, 23.62)
  1. aAOR adjusted odds ratio