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Table 2 Birth characteristics of mother-infant pairs and delayed initiation of breastfeeding in Juba Teaching Hospital, South Sudan

From: Factors associated with delayed initiation of breastfeeding: a cross-sectional study in South Sudan

  All participants n = 806 Delayed initiationa of breastfeeding n = 418
Variables n (%) n (%)
Antenatal care visit
 2 or more 731 (90.7) 368 (88.0)
 0–1 75 (9.3) 50 (12.0)
Skilled birth attendant
 Yes 788 (97.8) 406 (97.1)
 No 18 (2.2) 12 (2.9)
Mode of birth
 Normal vaginal 709 (88.0) 324 (77.5)
 Caesarean section 97 (12.0) 94 (22.5)
Birth type
 Single 790 (98.0) 407 (97.4)
 Multiple 16 (2.0) 11 (2.6)
Birth order
 Primipara 523 (64.9) 263 (62.9)
 Multipara 283 (35.1) 155 (37.1)
Exposure to infant formula advertisement one month before birth
 No 711 (88.2) 354 (84.7)
 Yes 95 (11.8) 64 (15.3)
Breastfeeding counseling
 Yes 445 (55.2) 241 (57.7)
 No 361 (44.8) 177 (42.3)
Breastfeeding support
 Yes 459 (56.9) 232 (55.5)
 No 347 (43.1) 186 (44.5)
Discarding of colostrum
 No 739 (91.7) 357 (85.4)
 Yes 67 (8.3) 61 (14.6)
  1. aDelayed initiation refers to putting an infant to the breast later than 1 h after birth