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Table 4 - Comparison between multiparous cases (n 15) and controls (n 26) for breastfeeding self-efficacy scores

From: Deep breast pain during lactation: a case-control study in Sweden investigating the role of Candida albicans

BSES Items (each item is preceded with the words “I can always. ..”) Mean Score Cases Mean Score Controls p – value
1. Determine that my baby is getting enough milk 3.80 4.40 0.04*
2. Successfully cope with breastfeeding like other challenging tasks 4.00 4.54 0.04*
3. Breastfeed my baby without using formula as a supplement 3.80 4.65 0.04*
4. Ensure that my baby is properly latched on the whole feeding 4.00 4.50 0.10
5. Manage the breastfeeding situation to my satisfaction 3.13 4.31 <  0.01*
6. Manage to breastfeed even if my baby is crying 4.13 4.54 0.14
7. Keep wanting to breastfeed 4.20 4.77 0.03*
8. Comfortably breastfeed with my family members present 4.70 4.62 0.83
9. Be satisfied with my breastfeeding experience 3.30 4.54 <  0.01*
10. Deal with the fact that breastfeeding can be time-consuming 4.20 4.30 0.81
11. Finish feeding my baby on one breast before switching to the other breast 4.50 4.50 0.90
12. Continue to breastfeed my baby for every feeding 4.40 4.50 0.78
13. Manage to keep up with my baby’s breastfeeding demands 4.00 4.60 0.60
14. Tell when the baby is finished breastfeeding 4.40 4.40 0.94
Total BSES-SF scores 52.70
(SD 8.4)
58.70
(SD 5.0)
<  0.01*
  1. *statistically significant at 0.05 level
  2. Student’s t-test