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Table 7 Factors that affect exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practices among participants

From: Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of breastfeeding among women visiting primary healthcare clinics on the island of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Variable No EBF EBF p-value
  Number (%) Number (%)  
Age (in years)    0.362
 18–24 13 (72.2) 5 (27.8)  
 25–29 58 (69.9) 25 (30.1)  
 30–34 50 (67.6) 24 (32.4)  
 35–39 32 (78) 9 (22)  
 40–44 7 (100) 0 (0)  
  ≥ 45 0 (0) 0 (0)  
Education background    0.814
 Primary school or lower 1 (100) 0 (0)  
 Secondary school 29 (70.7) 12 (29.3)  
 University or higher 129 (71.7) 51 (28.3)  
Employed    0.004
 No 100 (65.8) 52 (34.2)  
 Yes 60 (84.5) 11 (15.5)  
 Self-employed 0 (0) 0 (0)  
Employment sector    0.052
 Private 35 (77.8) 10 (22.2)  
 Public 23 (95.8) 1 (4.2)  
Entitled to breastfeeding hours by employer    0.112
 Yes 46 (80.7) 11 (19.3)  
 No 11 (100) 0 (0)  
Living with husband and children only    0.048
 Yes 130 (68.4) 60 (31.6)  
 No (Living with relatives) 24 (88.9) 3 (11.1)  
 No (Separated/ Divorced/Widowed) 3 (100) 0 (0)  
Number of housemaids or nannies    0.156
 0 99 (67.8) 47 (32.2)  
 1 41 (82) 9 (18)  
  > 1 11 (73.3) 4 (26.7)  
Monthly family income (in AED)    0.209
  < 15,000 68 (77.3) 20 (22.7)  
 15,000–30,000 71 (65.7) 37 (34.3)  
  > 30,000 15 (71.4) 6 (28.6)  
Number of children    0.151
 1 56 (78.9) 15 (21.1)  
 2–4 95 (66.9) 47 (33.1)  
  ≥ 5 9 (90) 1 (10)  
Gender of last child    0.010
 Male 87 (79.1) 23 (20.9)  
 Female 67 (63.2) 39 (36.8)  
Last child gestational age at delivery    0.027
  < 37 weeks 36 (85.7) 6 (14.3)  
  ≥ 37 weeks 123 (68.7) 56 (31.3)  
Mode of delivery of last child    0.550
 Vaginal delivery 91 (70.5) 38 (29.5)  
 Caesarian section 69 (74.2) 24 (25.8)  
Healthcare provider explained the importance of breastfeeding during antenatal visits for last pregnancy    0.482
 Yes 124 (70.9) 51 (29.1)  
 No 35 (76.1) 11 (23.9)  
Healthcare provider explained the importance of breastfeeding after delivery of last child    0.631
 Yes 133 (72.3) 51(27.7)  
 No 26 (68.4) 12 (31.6)  
Healthcare provider explained the appropriate practices of breastfeeding for last child    0.849
 Yes 121 (71.2) 49 (28.8)  
 No 37 (72.5) 14 (27.5)  
Past breastfeeding experience    0.168
 No other children 52 (76.5) 16 (23.5)  
 No 12 (85.7) 2 (14.3)  
 Yes 91 (66.9) 45 (33.1)  
Past exclusive breastfeeding experience    0.000
 No other children 51 (78.5) 14(21.5)  
 No 54 (85.7) 9 (14.3)  
 Yes 49 (56.3) 38 (43.7)  
Offered readymade formula in hospital    0.001
 Yes 72 (84.7) 13 (15.3)  
 No 84 (63.2) 49 (36.8)