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Table 1 Characteristics of the study participants according to initiation of breastfeeding among mothers of infants attending public health institutions

From: Initiation of breastfeeding within one hour of birth among mothers with infants younger than or equal to 6 months of age attending public health institutions in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Characteristics Overall
(n = 583)
Initiation of breastfeedinga
Within 1 h
(n = 329)
After 1 h
(n = 235)
Mother’s age
 15–19 33 (5.66) 17/32 (53.13) 15/32 (46.88)
 20–24 202 (34.65) 117/196 (59.69) 79/196 (40.31)
 25–29 222 (38.08) 117/217 (53.92) 100/217 (46.08)
 30–34 116 (19.90) 72/110 (65.45) 38/110 (34.55)
 35+ 10 (1.72) 6/9 (66.67) 3/9 (33.33)
Religion
 Orthodox 398 (68.27) 232/383 (60.57) 151/383 (39.43)
 Muslim 102 (17.50) 56/100 (56.00) 44/100 (44.00)
 Protestant 80 (13.72) 40/78 (51.28) 38/78 (48.72)
 Catholic 3 (0.51) 1/3 (33.33) 2/3 (66.67)
Ethnicity
 Amhara 279 (47.86) 168/269 (62.45) 101/269 (37.55)
 Oromo 110 (18.87) 60/108 (55.56) 48/108 (44.44)
 Tigre 49 (8.40) 25/47 (53.19) 22/47 (46.81)
 Gurage 95 (16.30) 50/92 (54.35) 42/92 (45.65)
 Othersb 50 (8.58) 26/48 (54.17) 22/48 (45.83)
Marital status
 Not married 32 (5.49) 19/29 (65.52) 10/29 (34.48)
 Married 523 (89.71) 295/508 (58.07) 213/508 (41.93)
 Divorced 26 (4.46) 14/25 (56.00) 11/25 (44.00)
 Widowed 2 (0.34) 1/2 (50.00) 1/2 (50.00)
Mother’s education
 No education 67 (11.49) 38/66 (57.58) 28/66 (42.42)
 Primary 143 (24.53) 73/139 (52.52) 66/139 (47.48)
 Secondary or more 373 (63.98) 218/359 (60.72) 141/359 (39.28)
Mother’s occupation
 Employed 222 (38.08) 124/213 (58.22) 89/213 (41.78)
 Not employed 361 (61.92) 205/351 (58.40) 146/351 (41.60)
Household income
 Low 63 (10.81) 38/60 (66.33) 22/60 (36.67)
 Middle 437 (74.96) 241/426 (56.57) 185/426 (43.43)
 High 83 (14.24) 50/78 (64.10) 28/78 (35.90)
Media exposure
 Yes 449 (77.02) 250/433 (57.74) 183/433 (42.26)
 No 134 (22.98) 79/131 (60.31) 52/131 (39.69)
Had home visit by health extension worker
 Yes 132 (22.64) 245/437 (56.06) 192/437 (43.94)
 No 451 (77.36) 84/127 (66.14) 43/127 (33.86)
Parity
 1 371 (63.64) 199/359 (55.43) 160/359 (44.57)
 2 141 (24.19) 83/138 (60.14) 55/138 (39.86)
 3+ 71 (12.18) 47/67 (70.15) 20/67 (29.85)
Number of months pregnant at time of first antenatal care visit (n = 565)
  < 4 224 (39.65) 113/214 (52.80) 101/214 (47.20)
 4+ 341 (60.35) 204/332 (61.45) 128/332 (38.55)
Place of delivery
 Home 21 (3.60) 10/19 (52.63) 9/19 (47.37)
 Public hospital 232 (39.89) 124/228 (54.39) 104/228 (45.61)
 Private hospital 58 (9.95) 27/24 (50.00) 27/24 (50.00)
 Health center 269 (46.24) 166/261 (63.60) 95/261 (36.40)
 Othersc 3 (0.51) 2/2 (100.00) 0 (0.00)
  1. a(n = 19) mothers of infants did not practice breastfeeding
  2. bInclude; Wolyita, Kanbata, Silete, Gamebella and Somali ethnicities
  3. cNon-governmental organization and private clinics