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Table 1 Summary of publications about breastfeeding drop-in centres (alphabetical order, by first author)

From: Implementation and evaluation of community-based drop-in centres for breastfeeding support in Victoria, Australia

First author [reference] Journal, year Location Drop-in services offered Methodology; Data collection Response fraction Comments
Adams et al. [15] JOGNN, 2001 Dufferin County, Ontario, Canada
Hospital-based clinic (2.5 h, 3 times per week)
Retrospective service evaluation 164/242* (68%)
*Numbers of respondents reported are inconsistent throughout paper
▪ Drop-in centre located within a hospital, next to the obstetric unit
▪ Access to the drop-in centre was for women seeking breastfeeding support, both as inpatients and after discharge
▪ Participants were surveyed on their experiences and satisfaction with the drop-in centre services
▪ Data collected was compared to the previous data available on breastfeeding women from the local area
Berridge et al. [14] Maternal and Child Nutrition, 2005 North-west England
Hospital-based clinic (1 morning per week) + telephone help line
Exploratory, descriptive study;
Written questionnaire,
Field notes
80/108 (74%) ▪ Drop-in centre run as a clinic within a hospital, in the antenatal parentcraft room
▪ Written questionnaire was the primary data source. However, informal conversations between the researcher and the women attending the drop-in centre allowed in-depth field notes to be collected
▪ Targeted clients with a lower socioeconomic status (SES) but results showed a higher SES sample, with older, more educated participants
Caddy [16] The Practising Midwife, 2002 Reading, England
Hospital-based drop-in clinic (2 h, 3 times per week)
Description of services Not reported ▪ Thorough description of the considerations of running a drop-in service; particularly timing, venue, staffing, advertising and funding
▪ This was a descriptive paper, not an evaluation so there are no data on the efficacy of the services
Fox et al. [19] BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 2015 UK
Community-based drop-in sessions
Qualitative, descriptive study;
47 interviews (41 in person, 6 phone)
5 focus groups
51/63 (81%) ▪ Drop-in centres run in the community by professionals and peer supporters
▪ Multiple sites included in this review: A range of metropolitan, regional and remote sites
▪ Did not invite women experiencing acute BF problems to participate
▪ Interviews were completed during the drop-in sessions, resulting in interruptions and premature ending of the interview
Pastore & Nelson [17] Journal of Human Lactation, 1997 Richmond, Canada
Based in community centre (3 h per week)
Descriptive study;
Semi-structured telephone interviews
57/62 (92%) ▪ Community-based drop-in centre staffed by lactation consultants and child health nurses
▪ Women were interviewed via phone on their views and experiences of breastfeeding support from the drop-in centre
▪ Positive feedback from the women using the service but, as this was designed as a descriptive study, there was no ability for evaluation of the effect of the service on breastfeeding rates
Price [20] Community Practitioner, 2014 Berkshire, England
Based in community health centre (frequency and duration of sessions not reported)
Service evaluation
Written questionnaire
15 (not recorded) ▪ Multifaceted BF support service review (drop-in centre breastfeeding support was only one aspect of the evaluation)
▪ Sought feedback from the women using the centre at the time of their attendance on two days over the 6 month evaluation, therefore has a small sample size
▪ Breastfeeding outcomes of this trial were given as an overall rate for the local area and were not specific to the impact of the drop-in centre
Stefiuk et al. [18] Journal of Human Lactation, 2002 Saskatoon,
Community-based clinic (weekdays, with telephone consultation on weekends)
Descriptive process evaluation;
Phone interviews,
Observation of visits
Review activity logs/administrative paperwork,
Self-administered written questionnaire
Written questionnaire and follow up phone interview: 43/50 (86%)
Phone interview only: 25/30 (83%)
Observed visits: 4 (22%)
▪ Multifaceted design
▪ No data presented on numbers of attendances at drop-in centre or how many were contacted via telephone or how they were selected
▪ Not designed to evaluate the effect of the drop-in centre on breastfeeding but reported women’s perceptions that the drop-in centre support helped them to increase their breastfeeding duration
  1. LC lactation consultant, SES socioeconomic status