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Table 5 Pairwise comparisons of the different measurements of knowledge and attitude toward breastfeeding (scores) in adolescent mothers and grandmothers (n = 168)

From: Effectiveness of experiential learning with empowerment strategies and social support from grandmothers on breastfeeding among Thai adolescent mothers

Variables Intervention group Control group Mean difference p - value
Adolescents
 Knowledge
  Baseline 11.43 ± 3.65 12.57 ± 2.66 1.14 ± 0.70 0.105
  2nd month 17.86 ± 1.89 12.76 ± 2.11 5.10 ± 0.44* < 0.001
  6th month 18.62 ± 1.56 12.83 ± 2.16 5.79 ± 0.41* < 0.001
 Attitude
  Baseline 51.69 ± 5.736 52.79 ± 5.795 1.10 ± 1.26 0.387
  2nd month 58.62 ± 5.66 52.93 ± 5.50 5.69 ± 1.22* < 0.001
  6th month 59.52 ± 5.14 53.12 ± 5.19 6.41 ± 1.13* < 0.001
Grandmothers
 Knowledge
  Baseline 11.81 ± 3.94 13.33 ± 3.59 1.52 ± 0.82 0.068
  2nd month 16.33 ± 3.46 12.62 ± 3.58 3.71 ± 0.77* < 0.001
  6th month 18.05 ± 2.26 13.10 ± 3.25 4.95 ± 0.61* < 0.001
 Attitude
  Baseline 52.50 ± 5.11 51.07 ± 6.95 1.43 ± 1.33 0.287
  2nd month 58.88 ± 6.39 51.21 ± 6.69 1.67 ± 1.43* < 0.001
  6th month 58.62 ± 5.84 51.69 ± 6.19 6.93 ± 1.31* < 0.001
  1. Based on estimated marginal means
  2. *The mean difference is significant at the 0.005 level