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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of grandmothers (n = 84)

From: Effectiveness of experiential learning with empowerment strategies and social support from grandmothers on breastfeeding among Thai adolescent mothers

Characteristics Intervention group
(n = 42)
Control group
(n = 42)
p - value
Age (years)    0.653 (a)
 Mean ± SD 50.24 ± 6.72 49.55 ± 7.27  
 Min - max 35–60 35–60  
Relation with adolescent mother, (n, %)    0.446 (b)
 Mother 24 (57.14) 19 (45.24)  
 Husband’s mother 8 (19.05) 15 (35.71)  
 Grandmother 6 (14.29) 4 (9.52)  
 Husband’s grandmother 2 (4.76) 1 (2.38)  
 Aunt 2 (4.76) 3 (7.14)  
Education, (n, %)    0.673 (b)
 Illiteracy 4 (9.50) 2 (4.80)  
 Primary school 32 (76.20) 33 (78.60)  
 Secondary school 5 (11.90) 7 (16.70)  
 Higher than secondary school 1 (2.40) 0 (0)  
Occupation, (n, %)    0.055 (b)
 Business owner 3 (7.14) 1 (2.38)  
 Trade 3 (7.14) 3 (7.14)  
 Employed 17 (40.48) 25 (59.52)  
 Housewife 4 (9.52) 8 (19.05)  
 Agriculturist 15 (35.71) 5 (11.90)  
Experience for exclusive breastfeeding, (n, %)    0.36 (b)
 Ever 1 (2.38) 4 (9.52)  
 Never 41 (97.62) 38 (90.48)  
Intention to feed grandchild, (n, %)    0.812 (b)
 Only breast milk 4 (9.52) 8 (19.05)  
 Breast milk + water 19 (45.24) 18 (42.86)  
 Breast milk + water + formula milk 5 (11.90) 4 (9.52)  
 Breast milk + water + complementary food 8 (19.05) 7 (16.67)  
 Breast milk + water + complementary food + formula milk 6 (14.29) 5 (11.90)  
  1. Significant at p - value <0.05, (a) = t-test, (b) = Fisher’s Exact test