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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers in Gozamin district, northwest Ethiopia (n = 478)

From: Exclusive breastfeeding and associated factors among mothers in Gozamin district, northwest Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study

Variables Exclusive breastfeeding Crude Odds Ratio (95% CI) Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI)
Yes (%) No (%)
Maternal age (in years)
  ≤ 24 72 (81.8) 16 (18.2) 1 1
 25–29 155 (78.3) 43 (21.7) 0.80 (0.42, 1.52) 0.87 (0.44, 1.73)
 30–34 88 (68.8) 40 (31.2) 0.49 (0.25, 0.94) 0.52 (0.26, 1.06)
   35 43 (67.2) 21 (32.8) 0.46 (0.21, 0.97) 0.57 (0.25,1.27)
Marital status
 Married/in union 317 (75.3) 104 (24.7) 1 1
 Single 41 (71.9) 16 (28.1) 0.84 (0.45, 1.56) 0.81 (0.38,1.74)
Maternal education
 No education & Informal 62 (68.1) 29 (31.9) 1 1
 Primary education 70 (78.7) 19 (21.3) 1.72 (0.88, 3.37) 1.41 (0.65, 3.05)
 Secondary education 110 (78.0) 31 (22.0) 1.66 (0.92, 3.01) 0.93 (0.45, 1.91)
 Certificate and above 116 (73.9) 41 (26.1) 1.29 (0.73, 2.27) 0.76 (0.33, 1.77)
Husband’ education
 Informal education 59 (67.0) 29 (33.0) 1 1
 Primary education 56 (80.0) 14 (20.0) 1.97 (0.94, 4.10) 1.55 (0.64, 3.77)
 Secondary education 91 (79.1) 24 (20.9) 1.86 (0.9, 3.01) 1.23 (0.50, 3.02)
 Certificate and above 152 (74.1) 53 (25.9) 1.32 (0.75, 2.33) 1.02 (0.41, 2.56)
Maternal occupation
 House wife 180 (72.6) 68 (27.4) 1 1
 Government employee 75 (70.8) 31 (29.2) 0.91 (0.55, 1.51) 0.49 (0.26, 0.94)*
 Private work 103 (83.1) 21 (16.9) 1.85 (1.07, 3.20) 1.69 (0.95, 2.99)
Monthly family income (in Birr)
  ≤ 650 53 (69.7) 23 (30.3) 1 1
 651–1400 60 (69.0) 27 (31.0) 0.96 (0.49,1.90) 0.91 (0.44,1.86)
 1401–2350 83 (70.6) 20 (19.4) 1.80 (0.90, 3.59) 1.93 (0.92,4.03)
 2351–3550 60 (74.1) 21 (25.9) 1.24 (0.62, 2.49) 1.22 (0.57,2.58)
  ≥ 3551 102 (77.9) 29 (22.1) 1.53 (0.80, 2.89) 2.15 (0.98, 4.72)
Antenatal care
 Yes 341 (74.8) 109 (24.2) 1 1
 No 17 (60.7) 11 (39.3) 0.49 (0.23, 1.09) 0.65 (0.27, 1.56)
BF counseling during ANC
 Yes 253 (76.0) 80 (24.0) 1 1
 No 105 (72.4) 40 (27.6) 0.83 (0.53, 1.29) 0.90 (0.52, 1.55)
Place of delivery
 Home 26 (49.1) 27 (50.9) 1 1
 Government hospital 243 (75.7) 78 (24.3) 3.23 (1.78, 5.87) 2.01 (1.02, 3.94)*
 Health center, post 89 (85.6) 15 (14.4) 6.16 (2.86, 13–28) 4.56 (2.01, 10.37)*
Mode of delivery
 Cesarean section 34 (85.0) 6 (15.0) 1.99 (0.82,4.87) 2.02 (0.79, 5.16)
 Vaginal 324 (74.0) 114 (26.0) 1 1
BF counseling after delivery
 Yes 290 (79.5) 75 (20.5) 1  
 No 68 (60.2) 45 (39.8) 0.39 (0.25, 0.60) 0.43 (0.25, 0.72)*
Maternal HIV status
 Positive 21 (77.8) 6 (22.2) 1.18 (0.47, 3.01) 1.08 (0.37, 3.14)
 Negative 337 (74.7) 114 (25.3) 1 1
Breastfeeding experience
 Yes 194 (71.1) 79 (28.9) 1 1
 No 164 (80.0) 41 (20.0) 1.63 (1.06, 2.51) 1.26 (0.76, 2.09)
  1. *Significant at p - value of ≤0.05, BF- breastfeeding, ANC- antenatal care