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Table 2 Prevalence differences as change in percentage-points of IYCF indicators in Nigeria (NDHS, 1999 – 2013)

From: Have policy responses in Nigeria resulted in improvements in infant and young child feeding practices in Nigeria?

IYCF indicators 2003-1999 2008- 2003 2008- 1999 2013-2008 2013-2003 2013-1999
% (95% CI) p % (95% CI) p % (95% CI) p % (95% CI) p % (95% CI) p % (95% CI) p
Core
Early initiation of breastfeeding −7.0 (-12.0, -0.2) 0.010 6.7 (2.1, 11.2) 0.004 −0.4 (-4.2, -3.4) 0.829 −3.8 (-6.4, -1.3) 0.004 2.8 (-1.7, -7.3) 0.221 −4.3 (-8.1, -0.5) 0.028
Exclusive breastfeeding 0.05 (-5.4, -6.4) 0.866 −2.9 (-7.6, -1.8) 0.223 −2.4 (-6.6, -1.7) 0.256 4.0 (1.2, 6.7) 0.004 1.0 (-3.9, 5.9) 0.676 1.6 (-2.7, 5.9) 0.478
Continued breastfeeding at 1 year 5.0 (-0.1, -0.2) 0.057 −4.5 (-8.9, -0.1) 0.044 0.5 (-3.2, -4.3) 0.780 −1.5 (-4.3, -1.3) 0.290 −6.0 (-0.4, -1.6) 0.008 −0.1 (-4.8, -2.9) 0.615
Introduction of solid, semi-solid and soft food N/A N/A 8.4 (1.2, 15.6) 0.023 N/A N/A −4.2 (-8.4, 0.01) 0.051 4.2 (-3.0, 11.4) 0.257 N/A N/A
Minimum dietary diversity N/A N/A 3.8 (0.4, 7.2) 0.030 N/A N/A −13.5 (-15.6, -11.3) <0.001 −9.7 (-13.1, -6.3) < 0.001 N/A N/A
Minimum meal frequency N/A N/A 8.7 (4.7, 12.6) < 0.001 N/A N/A 5.2 (2.8, 7.5) < 0.001 13.8 (9.9; 17.8) < 0.001 N/A N/A
Minimum acceptable diet N/A N/A 2.4 (0.1, 4.7) 0.037 N/A N/A −5.9 (-7.2, -4.5) < 0.001 −3.5 (-5.7, -1.3) 0.002 N/A N/A
Optional
Children ever breastfed 2.1 (0.4, 3.8) 0.013 −0.5 (-1.9, -0.8) 0.415 1.6 (0.3, 2.8) 0.013 −7.9 (-9.2, -6.7) < 0.001 −18.5 (-20, -16.8) < 0.001 −16.4 (-18.0, -14.8) <0.001
Continued breastfeeding at 2 years −2.1 (-11.6, 7.5) 0.673 −1.2 (-9.2, 6.7) 0.758 −3.3 (-10.7, 4.1) 0.383 2.8 (-2.3, 7.8) 0.284 1.5 (-6.3, 9.4) 0.705 −0.5 (-7.9, -6.8) 0.888
Predominant breastfeeding 12.9 (6.0, 19.7) < 0.001 −3.4 (-9.5, 2.7) 0.277 9.4 (4.3, 14.5) < 0.001 3.7 (-0.1, 7.4) 0.056 0.3 (-5.9, 6.4) 0.934 13.1 (7.9, 18.3) <0.001
Bottle-feeding 2.4 (-0.3, 5.2) 0.086 −3.5 (-5.7, -0.1) 0.006 −0.9 (-2.8, 0.1) 0.338 1.5 (0.1, 2.9) 0.040 −1.9 (-4.3, 0.6) 0.133 0.6 (-1.4, 2.6) 0.576
  1. %: Percentage change
  2. 95% CI: 95% lower and upper levels of Confidence Interval
  3. N/A: Data not appropriate for analysis based on variation in definition of the indicators in the 1999 NDHS
  4. IYCF: Infant and young child feeding practices