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Table 2 Factors associated with the initiation of breastfeeding within the first 48 h of the infant’s life (n = 671)

From: Factors associated with the initiation of breastfeeding within the first 48 hours of life in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia

Variables Initiation of breastfeeding Univariate Multivariate
Yes
n = 622 (92.7 %)
No
n = 49 (7.3 %)
OR 95 % CI AdjOR 95 % CI
Mother’s age
  < 25 years 155 (96.3) 6 (3.7) 1.05 0.29, 3.83   
 25–35 years 369 (90.4) 38 (9.3) 0.39 0.14, 1.11   
  > 35 years 98 (96.1) 4 (3.9) 1 Ref   
Mother’s education
  < 12 years 320 (92.8) 24 (7.0) 1.02 0.57, 1.82   
  ≥ 12 years 302 (92.6) 24 (7.4) 1 Ref   
Mother’s nationality
 Saudi 557 (92.4) 45 (7.5) 0.56 0.17, 1.85   
 Non-Saudi 65 (95.6) 3 (4.4) 1 Ref   
Mother’s dmployment
 Employed 128 (88.9) 15 (10.4) 0.53 0.29, 1.00   
 Not-employed 494 (93.7) 33 (6.3) 1 Ref   
Monthly household income
  < 5000 SR 186 (93.5) 13 (6.5) 0.87 0.19, 4.02   
 5000–10000 SR 275 (90.5) 28 (9.2) 0.58 0.13, 2.52   
 10,001–15, 000 SR 128 (96.2) 5 (3.8) 1.55 0.29, 8.36   
  > 15,000 SR 33 (94.3) 2 (5.7) 1 Ref   
Number of children
 One child 226 (92.2) 18 (7.3) 0.90 0.50, 1.64   
 More than one 396 (93.0) 30 (7.0) 1 Ref   
Mode of delivery
 Caesarean section 144 (85.2) 25 (14.8) 0.29 0.16, 0.52 0.31 0.17, 0.57
 Vaginal 478 (95.2) 23 (4.6) 1 Ref 1 Ref
Gestation
 Preterm infant 27 (77.1) 8 (22.9) 0.23 0.10, 0.54 0.29 0.12, 0.70
 Full term infant 595 (93.6) 40 (6.3) 1 Ref 1 Ref
Infant’s gender
 Male 333 (93.3) 24 (6.7) 1.20 0.67, 2.15   
 Female 289 (92.0) 24 (7.6) 1 Ref   
Infant birth weight
 Low birth weight 54 (83.1) 11 (16.9) 0.33 0.16, 0.68 0.35 0.17, 0.75
 Normal birth weight 568 (93.7) 37 (6.1) 1 Ref 1 Ref
  1. CI Confidence Interval, OR Odds Ratio, AdjOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, Ref Reference