Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of respondents (n = 301)

From: Towards integrated care in breastfeeding support: a cross-sectional survey of practitioners’ perspectives

Characteristic n (%)
Continent of residence
 Europe 244 (81)
 North America 28 (9.3)
 Oceania 18 (6.0)
 Asia 9 (3.0)
 Africa 2 (0.7)
Top twelve represented countries
 Germany 107 (35.5)
 Austria 44 (14.6)
 Switzerland 26 (8.6)
 USA 21 (7.0)
 Australia 16 (5.3)
 Netherlands 15 (5.0)
 Italy 8 (2.7)
 Canada 7 (2.3)
 Belgium 6 (2.0)
 Luxembourg 4 (1.3)
 Norway 4 (1.3)
 Sweden 4 (1.3)
Professiona
 Nurse 146 (48.5)
  Pediatric 52 (17.3)
  Maternity 47 (15.6)
  Lactation Consultant 26 (8.6)
  General 21 (7.0)
 Midwife 53 (17.6)
 Certified Doula 1 (0.3)
 Physician 44 (14.6)
  Pediatrician 25 (8.3)
  Gynecologist 11 (3.6)
  General Practitioner 9 (3.0)
 Researcher (field of research as stated by respondents) 19 (6.3)
  Medical 7 (2.3)
  Public health 7 (2.3)
  Othersb 5 (1.7)
 Public health official 39 (13.0)
  Trainer of health care providers 16 (5.3)
  Social and health service provider 10 (3.3)
  Infant nutritionist 7 (2.3)
  Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative coordinator 2 (0.7)
  Othersc 7 (2.3)
 Health policy maker 8 (2.6)
  Advocator for breastfeeding 3 (1.0)
  Government advisor 2 (0.7)
  Othersd 3 (1.0)
 Professions outside the health care sectore 28 (9.3)
Breastfeeding support qualificationsf 327
 International Board Certified Lactation Consultant 227 (75.4)
 Voluntaryg 73 (24.3)
 Other h 27 (9)
Payment for breastfeeding support
 Unpaid 66 (22)
 Unpaid and paid 23 (7.6)
 Paid 194 (64.5)
  1. aExceeds 100 % due to multiple professions of individual respondents, while 3 respondents reported no qualification
  2. bNatural sciences, Psychology, Political Sciences, Social Sciences, Epidemiology
  3. cNational Breastfeeding Committee member, nutritionist, supporter of health care providers, prevention activist
  4. dLocal public health department, Health Ministry, National and international policies
  5. eTeacher, psychologist, administrator, bank clerk, parents’ counsellor, bookseller, lecturer, translator, TV journalist, student, optician, dental hygienist, consultant for medical products, physiotherapist, speech therapist, bio-medical analyst
  6. fExceeds 100 % due to multiple qualifications: IBCLC + LLL 7.6 % (n = 23), IBCLC + AFS 1 % (n = 3), IBCLC + ABA 1 % (n = 3)
  7. gLa Leche League 21 % (n =64), Arbeitsgemeinschaft Freier Stillgruppen 2 % (n = 6), Australian Breastfeeding Association 1 % (n = 3)
  8. hHealth care providers 8 % (n = 24), Breastfeeding mothers 7 % (n = 2), WHO 40 h course qualification 0.3 % (n = 1)