Skip to main content

Table 6 Adjusted percentage of children who were on exclusive breastfeeding at the age of sixmonth by socioeconomic category of mother and household during NFHS-1 & NFHS-3

From: Changes in exclusive breastfeeding practices and its determinants in India, 1992–2006: analysis of national survey data

Characteristics Reference category NFHS-1 NFHS-3
States with level of post neonatal mortality
High Medium/low Any High Medium/low Any
Adjusted percentage of women practicing each type of breastfeeding
EBF NBF EBF NBF EBF NBF EBF NBF EBF NBF EBF NBF
Residence Urban 8* 6 13* 8 11* 7 5** 10 7* 18 5** 15
Rural+ 13 3 16 5 15 4 12 6 26 7 17 6
Mother’s age at birth (in years) <20 12 4 14* 6 13* 5 12 8 24 18 16 13
20 – 34+ 13 4 18 6 17 5 9 7 18 9 12 9
35 & above 12 3 12 6 12 4 5 19 0* 15 4** 16
Mother’s education Illiterate+ 14 3 20 5 16 4 15 6 22 12 16 8
Literate, < middle school complete 9* 4 12* 6 11* 5 10 7 20 4 13 7
Middle school complete & above 8* 7 11* 8 10* 7 3** 9 14 13 8 13
Mother’s occupation Non gainful occupation+ 12 4 15 6 13 5 10 7 19 10 13 9
Gainful occupation 15 4 18 6 18* 5 8 8 17 13 11 11
Standard of living index Low+ 15 3 21 5 19 4 13 7 23 9 15 8
Medium 11* 4 14 6 13* 4 10 8 21 8 14 9
High 9* 6 7 10 8* 8 5 8 10 12 7 11
Interval since last birth First birth/preceding birth interval 2 years or more+ 13 4 15 6 14 4 10 4 16 9 12 6
Preceding birth interval less than 2 years 10* 4 15 6 13* 5 8 9 30 3 15 8
Antenatal & natal care Yes 10* 4 15* 6 14* 5 8* 6 15 13 12 9
No+ 15 3 16 5 15 4 13 12 35 3 16 11
Size of the baby Large/average+ 12 3 15 6 14 4 10 7 18 9 12 9
Small 13* 5 16* 8 15* 6 9 10 22 18 13 13
All 14 4 17 7 15 6 12 8 16 11 14 8
  1. Note: 1. EBF exclusive breastfeeding, NBF not breastfeeding. 2. The percentages shown are adjusted by multiple classification analysis in conjunction with multinomial logistic regression. A plus (+) indicates a reference category and asterisk (*) or asterisks (**) indicate that the underlying multinomial logistic regression coefficient, associated with ratios of probability of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) to the probability of no breastfeeding (NBF) differences significantly from zero at the 5 % or 1 % level respectively