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Table 1 Timely initiation of breastfeeding by background characteristics among Ethiopian mothers, 2011

From: Socio-medical determinants of timely breastfeeding initiation in Ethiopia: Evidence from the 2011 nation wide Demographic and Health Survey

Background characteristics Weighted total number of respondents Prevalence of early breastfeeding initiation (95 % CI)
Wealth index
 Poor 5,225 52.2 (50.85, 53.56)
 Middle 2,379 52.7 (50.70, 54.71)
 Rich 3,948 53.5 (51.94, 55.05)
Residence
 Urban 1,455 61.4 (58.85, 63.85)
 Rural 10,097 52.3 (51.33, 53.28)
Education
 No education 8,023 52.9 (51.8, 53.99)
 Primary 3,111 53.9 (52.15, 55.65)
 Secondary and higher 419 61.7 (57.09, 66.38)
Religion
 Christian 7,185 53.4 (52.25, 54.56)
 Muslim 4,093 53 (51.46, 54.52)
 Others 273 64 (58.28, 69.63)
Type of delivery
 Vaginal 11,407 53.6 (52.68, 54.51)
 Caesarian 145 45.6 (37.54, 53.67)
Sex of child
 Male 5,984 52.2 (50.94, 53.47)
 Female 5,568 54.9 (53.59, 56.21)
Occupation
 Housewife 5,346 57.6 (56.27, 58.91)
 Working 6,206 53.5 (48.66, 51.15)
Antenatal clinic attendance
 Less than 4 times 6,216 51.7 (50.46, 52.95)
 4 and more times 1,451 55.7 (53.12, 58.23)
Region
 Tigray 732 46.5 (42.85, 50.07)
 Afar 118 64.2 (55.46, 72.65)
 Amhara 2,586 41.9 (40.03, 43.83)
 Oromiya 4,896 52.4 (51.01, 53.81)
 Somali 345 41.7 (36.62, 47.00)
 Benishangul-Gumuz 135 45.9 (37.65, 54.37)
 SNNP 2,427 69.5 (67.66, 71.32)
 Gambella 39 63.5 (48.27, 77.91)
 Harari 28 69.4 (49.14, 83.05)
 Addis Ababa 209 71.5 (64.88, 77.12)
 Dire Dawa 38 67.9 (52.5, 81.63)
Aware of community conversation program
 No 8,681 54.9 (53.85, 55.95)
 Yes 2,869 49.2 (47.39, 51.05)
Birth order
 1 2,195 49.5 (47.43, 51.61)
 2 1,966 54.2 (52.01, 56.42)
 3 1,647 53.8 (51.38, 56.2)
 4 5,744 54.6 (53.31, 55.88)
Parity
 1–4 6,739 52.2 (51.01, 53.39)
 5–9 4,313 55.2 (53.72, 56.69)
 10+ 500 56.1 (51.82, 60.51)
Place of delivery
 Home 10,368 53.1 (52.13,54.06)
 Health facility 1,122 57.1 (54.31,60.09)
Birth interval
 Less than 2 years 1,904 55.7 (53.49, 57.95)
 2 years and plus 7,442 54.1 (52.96, 55.23)
Family size
 1–4 2,847 51.7 (49.87, 53.54)
 5–9 7,907 54.2 (53.11, 55.30)
 10+ 798 52.2 (48.79, 55.71)
Exposure to mass media
 No 4,754 52.8 (51.38, 54.21)
 Yes 6,772 54 (52.81, 55.19)
Total 11,552 52.0 (51.09, 52.91)