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Table 3 Univariate and multivariable logistics regression analysis of socio-demographic and economic variables exclusive breastfeeding in Debre Berhan District, Ethiopia, April 2014

From: Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding practices in Debre Berhan District, Central Ethiopia: a cross sectional community based study

Characteristics Exclusive breastfeeding COR (95 % CI) AOR (95 % CI) p-value
Yes No  
N (%) N (%)  
Place of residence      
 Urban 180 (41.4) 137 (67.2) 1 1  
 Rural 225 (58.6) 62 (32.2) 3.13 (2.19, 4.47) 4.54 (2.64, 7.81) 0.001
Religion      
 Christian 401 (92.2) 173 (86.9) 1 1  
 Muslim 34 (7.8) 26 (13.1) 0.56 (0.32, 0.96) 0.75 (0.38, 1.46) 0.398
Age of mothers (years)     
 <25 47 (10.8) 61 (30.7) 1 1  
 25–35 234 (53.8) 119 (53.8) 10.52 (5.71, 19.35) 8.99 (4.56, 17.73) 0.001
 >35 154 (35.4) 19 (9.5) 4.12 (2.43, 6.96) 3.60 (2.03, 6.38) 0.001
Educational status of mother     
 Unable to read and write 132 (30.3) 31 (15.6) 1 1  
 Read and write 138 (31.7) 42 (21.1) 0.16 (0.09, 0.29) 0.06 (0.02, 0.16) 0.001
 Elementary school completed 68 (15.6) 37 (18.6) 0.21 (0.12, 0.37) 0.11 (0.04, 0.28) 0.001
 High school completed 63 (14.5) 40 (20.1) 0.38 (0.20, 0.68) 0.22 (0.09, 0.53) 0.001
 Graduate 34 (7.8) 49 (24.6) 0.44 (0.24, 0.79) 0.32 (0.16, 0.66) 0.002
Educational status of husband     
 Unable to read and write 36 (8.3) 24 (12.1) 1 1  
 Read and write 132 (30.3) 41 (20.6) 0.98 (0.54, 1.78) 3.03 (1.11, 8.24) 0.029
 Elementary school completed 76 (17.5) 30 (15.1) 0.46 (0.28, 0.72) 2.09 (0.88, 5.00) 0.094
 High school completed 88 (20.2) 34 (17.1) 0.58 (0.34, 0.97) 1.61 (0.70, 3.69) 0.254
 Graduate 103 (23.7) 70 (35.2) 0.57 (0.34, 0.93) 1.26 (0.64, 2.48) 0.648
Current work status of mothers     
 Housewife 91 (20.9) 34 (17.1) 1 1  
 Working/employed 190 (43.7) 111 (55.8) 1.66 (1.13, 2.41) 0.36 (0.18, 0.73) 0.005
 Farmer 154 (35.4) 54 (27.1) 1.06 (0.64, 1.75) 0.30 (0.14, 0.64) 0.002
Household income      
 Less than 30USD 160 (36.8) 57 (28.6) 1 1  
 30–60 USD 123 (28.3) 52 (26.1) 0.60 (0.40,0.89) 0.61 (0.32, 1.15) 0.129
 Greater than 60 USD 152 (34.9) 90 (45.2) 071 (0.47, 1.08) 1.05 (0.58, 1.89) 0.858
Counselled on infant feeding     
 Yes 375 (86.2) 149 (74.9) 1 1  
 No 60 (13.8) 50 (25.1) 0.47 (0.31, 0.72) 0.42 (0.24, 0.73) 0.002
Place of delivery      
 Health institution 379 (87.1) 156 (78.4) 1 1  
 Home 56 (12.9) 43 (21.6) 0.53 (0.34, 0.83) 044 (0.25, 0.77) 0.004
  1. NB: In multivariable logistic regression model variables entered: maternal age, religion, place of residence, educational status of mothers, educational status of fathers, occupational status of mothers, household income, infant feeding counselling and place of delivery