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Table 2 Rural Infant Feeding Study (RIFS) participants’ infant feeding attitudes using the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitudes Scale (IIFAS) (n = 427)

From: The influence of infant feeding attitudes on breastfeeding duration: evidence from a cohort study in rural Western Australia

Item Disagreea Neutral Agreeb
(%) n (%) n (%) n
1. The nutritional benefits of breast milk last only until the baby is weaned from breast milk 71.6 300 17.7 74 10.7 45
2. Formula-feeding is more convenient than breast-feeding 72.4 305 17.3 73 10.2 43
3. Breast-feeding increases mother-infant bonding 5.8 25 32.3 35 85.9 367
4. Breast milk is lacking in iron 62.3 266 30.9 132 5.2 22
5. Formula-fed babies are more likely to be overfed than breast-fed babies 26.9 115 41.7 178 31.4 134
6. Formula-feeding is the better choice if the mother works outside the home 50.8 217 33.5 143 15.7 67
7. Mothers who formula-feed miss one of the great joys of motherhood 33.2 142 24.6 105 42.2 180
8. Women should not breast-feed in public places such as restaurants 89.9 384 6.6 28 3.5 15
9. Babies who are fed breast milk are healthier than babies who are fed formula 25.3 108 31.6 135 43.1 184
10. Breast-fed babies are more likely to be overfed than formula-fed babies 64.9 277 31.8 136 3.3 14
11. Fathers feel left out if a mother breast-feeds 67.0 286 22.7 97 10.3 44
12. Breast milk is the ideal food for babies 4.4 19 8.0 34 87.6 374
13. Breast milk is more easily digested than formula 4.9 21 22.2 95 72.8 311
14. Formula is as healthy for an infant as breast milk 44.5 190 40.0 171 15.7 66
15. Breast-feeding is more convenient than formula-feeding 9.8 42 17.8 76 72.4 309
16. Breast milk is less expensive than formula 3.0 13 2.8 12 94.1 402
17. A mother who occasionally drinks alcohol should not breast-feed her baby 46.1 197 29.7 127 24.1 103
  1. Note: The items 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 14, and 17 were reversed when calculating the score
  2. a Disagree includes ‘strongly disagree’ and ‘disagree’
  3. b Agree includes ‘strongly agree’ and ‘agree’