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Table 2 Characteristics of participating mothers and newborns (n = 17)

From: Maternal intravenous fluids and postpartum breast changes: a pilot observational study

Characteristics Mean (range) Frequency (%)
Maternal age (years) 30.1 (20–37)  
In committed relationship*   16 (94)
Completed post-secondary education   15 (88)
Family income >78 K (CAN)   11 (65)
First language   
English   14 (82)
French   0 (0)
Other   3 (18)
Noted prenatal breast growth   
Yes   14 (82)
Previous breast surgery   
No   14 (82)
Gestation (weeks) 40.1 (39–41)  
Type of birth   
Spontaneous vaginal   14 (82)
Vacuum assisted vaginal   3 (18)
Epidural and oxytocin   
Yes   12 (71)
Reported edema   
Prenatal   
Yes   12 (71)
Postpartum   
Yes   12 (71)
Newborn sex   
Female   11 (65)
Newborn birth weight (grams) 3442 (2950–3940)  
Timing of first feed   
In first hour   16 (94)
  1. *includes married, living together, common law.