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Table 2 Factor associated with early initiation of breastfeeding in Nepal 2011

From: Factors associated with early initiation of breastfeeding among Nepalese mothers: further analysis of Nepal Demographic and Health Survey, 2011

Factor Crude OR (95% CI) P-value Adjusted OR (95% CI) P-value
Mother’s age at pregnancy   0.010   0.105
15-19 1.00   1.00  
20-29 1.06 (0.72, 1.57)   1.00 (0.69, 1.47)  
30-34 0.90 (0.56, 1.44)   0.94 (0.54, 1.61)  
> = 35 0.58 (0.37, 0.86)   0.68 (0.43, 1.08)  
Maternal education   0.001   0.009
No education 1.00   1.00  
Primary 1.74 (1.33, 2.27)   1.69 (1.25, 2.28)  
Secondary 2.13 (1.67, 2.71)   1.91 (1.34, 2.73)  
Higher 2.02 (1.44, 2.83)   2.56 (1.26, 5.21)  
Ethnicity   0.0 5   0.015
Relatively advantaged 1.00   1.00  
Relatively disadvantaged (Janjati) 1.18 (0.86, 1.61)   1.43 (1.04, 1.94)  
Relatively disadvantaged (Dalit) 0.73 (0.50, 1.05)   0.85 (0.58, 1.23)  
Mother’s occupation   <0.001   0.007
Not working 1.00   1.00  
Agriculture 1.17 (1.15, 1.90)   1.51 (1.16, 1.97)  
Working (paid) 1.99 (1.46, 2.72)   1.45 (0.99, 2.10)  
ANC visit (number)   <0.001   0.212
No ANC visit 1.00   1.00  
1-3 1.11 (0.87, 1.43)   1.22 (0.90, 1.64)  
4 or more 1.73 (1.30, 2.32)   1.25 (0.88, 1.78)  
Place of delivery   0.002   0.001
Home 1.00   1.00  
Health facility 1.35 (1.12, 1.63)   1.67 (1.25, 2.23)  
Birth order   0.05   0.965
Fourth or more 1.00   1.00  
Second or third 1.50 (1.24, 1.80)   0.99 ( 0.80, 1.42)  
First 1.11 ( 0.89, 1.42)   0.99 (0.756, 1.31)  
Size of baby   0.032   0.002
Average 1.00   1.00  
Small 0.95 (0.74, 1.21)   0.76 (0.54, 1.06)  
Large 1.34 (1.06, 1.68)   1.46 (1.07, 1.99)  
Development region   0.002   0.001
Central 1.00   1.00  
Eastern 1.93 (1.29, 2.88)   1.63 (1.11, 2.41)  
Western 2.01 (1.33, 3.03)   1.53 (1.03, 2.29)  
Mid -western 2.09 (1.38, 3.17)   2.06 (1.44, 2.95)  
Far-western 3.32 (2.19, 5.05)   3.29 (2.12, 5.09)  
Ecological region   0.038   0.217
Terai/plain 1.00   1.00  
Mountain 1.42 (1.02, 1.97)   1.19 (0.84, 1.70)  
Hill 1.42 (1.06, 1.87)   1.19 (0.90, 1.56)  
  1. Independent variables entered in the initial model: All variables included in the model are shown in the table.