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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding

From: Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding and associated factors among mothers in rural Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study

Variables Exclusive breastfeeding OR (95% CI) p-value
Yes (n = 44) No (n = 77)
n % n %
Sex of the child       
Male 19 30.6 43 69.4 1.00 0.180a
Female 25 42.4 34 57.6 1.66 (0.79, 3.51)  
Birth order of the child       
First born 15 34.1 29 65.9 1.00 0.694a
Second and above 29 37.7 48 62.3 1.17 (0.54, 2.54)  
Mothers’ age# (years)       
≤18 4 33.3 8 66.7 1.00 1.000b
>18 40 36.7 69 63.3 1.16 (0.33, 4.09)  
Mothers’ education       
Illiterate 6 46.2 7 53.8 1.00 0.437a
Literate 38 35.2 70 64.8 0.63 (0.20, 2.02)  
Mothers’ employment status       
Housewife 40 35.1 74 64.9 1.00 0.255b
Working outside home 4 57.1 3 42.9 2.47 (0.52, 11.57)  
Fathers’ education       
Illiterate 8 47.1 9 52.9 1.00 0.323a
Literate 36 34.6 68 65.4 0.59 (0.21, 1.67)  
Type of family       
Nuclear 22 41.5 31 58.5 1.00 0.299a
Joint and others 22 32.3 46 67.7 0.67 (0.32, 1.42)  
Wealth quintile       
Poorest 9 36.0 16 64.0 1.00 0.512a
Poorer 8 30.8 18 69.2 1.27 (0.39, 4.06)  
Middle 7 30.4 16 69.6 1.29 (0.38, 4.30)  
Richer 12 52.2 11 47.8 1.52 (0.16, 1.64)  
Richest 8 33.3 16 66.7 1.13 (0.35, 3.65)  
Breastfeeding education received       
Yes 24 38.1 39 61.9 1.00 0.680a
No 20 34.5 38 65.5 1.17 (0.56, 2.46)  
No. ANC visits       
No visits 6 35.3 11 64.7 1.00 0.870a
1-3 31 37.8 51 62.2 0.90 (0.30, 2.67)  
≥4 7 31.8 15 68.2 0.63 (0.16, 2.40)  
Place of delivery       
Non-institutional 22 42.3 30 57.7 1.00 0.238a
Institutional 22 31.9 47 68.1 0.64 (0.30, 1.35)  
Type of delivery       
Normal 33 42.3 45 57.7 1.00 0.067a
Caesarean 11 25.6 32 74.4 0.47 (0.21, 1.06)  
Initiation of breastfeeding       
≤1 hour 24 42.9 32 57.1 1.00 0.168a
>1 hour 20 30.8 45 69.2 0.59 (0.28, 1.25)  
Received colostrum       
Yes 43 37.1 73 62.9 1.00 0.652b
No 1 20.0 4 80.0 2.36 (0.25, 21.77)  
Prelacteal feeding       
Yes 9 39.1 14 60.9 1.00 0.759a
No 35 35.7 63 64.3 1.16 (0.45, 2.94)  
  1. aChi-square test (2-tailed).
  2. bFisher’s exact test.
  3. #Dichotomization based on legal age of marriage in Bangladesh.