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Table 1 Characteristics of mothers, children and breastfeeding factors

From: Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding and associated factors among mothers in rural Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics (N = 121) n % 95% CI
Sex of the child    
Male 69 51.2 42.2, 60.3
Female 59 48.8 39.7, 57.8
Birth order of the child    
First born 44 36.4 27.7, 45.1
Second and above 77 63.6 54.9, 72.3
Mothers’ age# (years)    
≤18 12 9.9 4.5, 15.3
>18 109 90.1 84.7, 95.5
Mothers’ education    
Illiterate (no education) 13 10.7 5.1, 16.3
Primary education (completed grade 5) 94 77.7 70.2, 85.2
Secondary or higher education (completed grade 10 and higher) 14 11.6 5.8, 17.4
Mothers’ employment status    
Housewife 114 94.2 9.0, 9.8
Working outside home 7 5.8 1.6, 10.0
Fathers’ education    
Illiterate 17 14.0 7.8, 20.3
Primary education 78 64.5 55.8, 73.1
Secondary education 26 21.5 14.1, 28.9
Type of family    
Nuclear 53 43.8 34.8, 52.8
Joint and others 68 56.2 47.2, 65.2
Wealth quintile    
Poorest 25 20.7 13.3, 28.0
Poorer 26 21.5 14.1, 28.9
Middle 23 19.0 11.9, 26.1
Richer 23 19.0 11.9, 26.1
Richest 24 19.8 12.6, 27.0
Breastfeeding education received    
Yes 63 52.1 43.0, 61.1
No 58 47.9 38.9, 57.0
No. ANC visits    
No visits 17 14.0 7.8, 20.3
1-3 82 67.8 59.3, 76.2
≥4 22 18.2 11.2, 25.2
Place of delivery    
Institutional 69 57.0 48.1, 66.0
Non-institutional 52 43.0 34.0, 5.9
Type of delivery    
Normal 78 64.5 55.8, 73.1
Caesarean 43 35.5 26.9, 44.2
Assistance during delivery    
Doctor 54 44.6 35.6, 53.6
Nurse/sisters and others 15 12.4 6.4, 18.4
Traditional birth attendants 52 43.0 34.0, 51.9
Initiation of breastfeeding    
≤1 hour 56 46.3 37.3, 55.3
>1 hour 65 53.7 44.7, 62.7
Received colostrum    
Yes 116 95.9 92.3, 99.5
No 5 4.1 0.5, 7.7
Prelacteal feeding    
Yes 23 19.0 11.9, 26.1
No 98 81.0 73.9, 88.1
Prelacteal feeds*    
Other milk than breast milk 2 8.7 NA
Sugar/glucose water 9 39.1 NA
Infant formula 5 21.7 NA
Honey 3 13.0 NA
Drop 7 30.4 NA
  1. Note: Child refers to the reference child aged 0–6 months.
  2. #Dichotomization based on legal age of marriage in Bangladesh.
  3. *Multiple responses.
  4. NA: Not Applicable.