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Table 2 Results of studies that have investigated breastfeeding in Saudi Arabia

From: Breastfeeding in Saudi Arabia: a review

  Study year & location Study design Sample size (n) Initiation rate (%) Child age (m) Exclusive BF*(%) Child age (m) Any BF*(%) BF* duration (m)
         R** U**  
1 1979-81, Central & South-West KSA (Serenius 1988 [29]) Cross-sectional 2196 90 R** -   1 90 76 Median=
76 U** 3 90 42 17.8 R**
  6 85 22 2.1 U**
2 1987, National (Al-Othaimeen 1987 [35]) Cross-sectional 767 89.9 <6 4.4   29 -
6- 5.6   15
12- 9.1   11
3 1987, National (Al-Mazrou 1994 [18]) Cross-sectional 6086 90.1 1 55   95 Mean = 13.4
3 36   92 14.4 R**
6 33   88 12.3 U**
4 1990, Taif (West) (Madani 1994 [30]) Cross-sectional 1019 98 ≤12 43.9   56.1 -
5 1991, National (Al-Shehri 1995 [20]) Cross-sectional 6308 93 <5 53   87 Mean=
6-12 38   67 13 R**
12+ 18   24 11 U**
6 1992, Makkah (West) (Kordy 1992 [24]) Cross-sectional 476 97.1 <36 8.9   42.4 Mean=
14.61 ± 3.53
7 1997, Jeddah (West) (Shawky 2003 [31]) Cross-sectional 400 94 -   6 54 Median = 6
8 1995, Riyadh (Central) (Al-Ayed 1998 [32]) Cross-sectional 347 - 6 22.1   51.6 -
9 1999, Riyadh (Central) (Al-Jassir 2004 [19]) Cross-sectional 21507 98.9 4-6 0.8 6 34.3 Mean=
6.57 ± 5.71
10 2000, Abha (South-West) (Khattab 2000 [23]) Cross-sectional 100 - <24 37   47 Mean=
10.7 ± 6.9
11 2001-02, Jeddah (West) (Fida 2003 [33]) Cross-sectional 128 95 -   ≤12 82.8 -
12 2002-03, National (Al-Jassir 2006 [34]) Cross-sectional 4872 91.9 3 23.9 4-6 50 -
13 2004-05, National (El Mouzan 2009 [27]) Cross-sectional 5339 91.6 Birth 70.8   88.8 -
1 39   49
4 16.4   20.5
6 8   10.2
14 2005, Riyadh (Central) (Al-Hreashy 2008 [26]) Cross-sectional 578 95 6 1.7   94.3 -
15 2009, AlHassa (Eastern) (El-Gilany 2011 [28]) Cross-sectional 1904 91.9 6 24.4 -   -
16 2010, AlHassa (Eastern) (Amin 2011 [21]) Cross-sectional 641 91 Birth 66.5   77.8 Mean=
2 32.9 76 8.5 ± 7.4
4 19.2 67 Median=
6 12.2 61 6
17 2011, Jeddah (West) (Eldeek 2012 [22]) Cross-sectional 600   ≤6 25   58 Mean=
          11.1 ± 6.64
  1. *BF = breastfeeding, m = months, R** = rural, U** = urban.