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Table 5 Maternal sociodemographic characteristics of participants who were breastfeeding at 1 year postpartum versus those who were not breastfeeding at 1 year postpartum

From: Maternal sociodemographic characteristics and the use of the Iowa Infant Attitude Feeding Scale to describe breastfeeding initiation and duration in a population of urban, Latina mothers: a prospective cohort study

Characteristic Breastfeeding at 1 year n (%) or mean±SD (n = 67) No breastfeeding at 1 year n (%) or mean±SD (n = 103) Total n (%)aor mean±SD (n = 170) P Value
Maternal age in years 27.0±5.2 26.2±5.3 26.5±5.3 0.30
Country of birth     0.19
 USA 4 (6.1) 7 (6.8) 11 (6.5)
 Mexico 35 (53.0) 63 (61.2) 98 (58.0)
 Central America 26 (39.4) 27 (26.3) 53 (31.4)
 Other 1 (1.5) 6 (5.8) 7 (4.1)
Primary language     0.23
 English 6 (9.0) 5 (4.9) 11 (6.5)
 Spanish 61 (91.0) 98 (95.1) 159 (93.5)
Years living in the US 6.4±6.9 6.7±5.4 6.6±6.0 0.76
 ≤1 11 (17.7) 11 (11.6) 22 (14.0)
 > 1 and ≤ 5 24 (38.7) 36 (37.9) 60 (38.2)
 > 5 and ≤10 17 (27.4) 28 (29.5) 45 (28.7)
 > 10 10 (16.1) 20 (21.0) 30 (19.1)
Marital status at intakeb     0.27
 Partnered 59 (88.1) 85 (83.3) 144 (85.2)
 Not partnered 8 (11.9) 17 (16.7) 25 (14.8)
Marital status at 1 year     0.07
 Partnered 60 (90.9) 83 (81.4) 143 (85.1)
 Not partnered 6 (9.1) 19 (18.6) 25 (14.9)
Any employment     0.21
 Yes 18 (26.9) 35 (34.0) 53 (31.2)
 No 49 (73.1) 68 (66.0) 117 (68.8)
Education     0.06
 High school or less 52 (77.6) 82 (82.0) 134 (80.2)
 Some college 8 (11.9) 16 (16.0) 24 (14.4)
 College 4 (6.0) 1 (1.0) 5 (3.0)
 Post college 3 (4.5) 1 (1.0) 4 (2.4)
WIC participationc     0.23
 Yes 64 (95.5) 94 (91.3) 159 (93.5)
 No 3 (4.5) 9 (8.7) 12 (7.1)
Other children     0.55
 Yes 36 (53.7) 55 (53.4) 91 (53.5)
 No 31 (46.3) 48 (46.6) 79 (46.5)
Previously breastfed d     0.03
 Yes 36 (100.0) 48 (87.3) 84 (92.3)
 No 0 (0.0) 7 (12.7) 7 (7.7)
IIFAS total score 68.4±7.2 66.6±7.4 67.3±7.4 0.11
IIFAS scoree     0.05
 Low score 28 (41.8) 58 (56.3) 86 (50.6)
 High score 39 (58.2) 45 (43.7) 84 (49.4)
Depressive symptoms at intakef     0.45
 Yes 22 (34.9) 32 (32.7) 54 (33.5)
 No 41 (65.1) 66 (67.3) 107 (66.5)
Depressive symptoms 4–6 weeks postpartum     0.40
 Yes 12 (18.5) 16 (15.7) 28 (16.8)
 No 53 (81.5) 86 (84.3) 139 (83.2)
BMIg     0.94
 Pre-pregnancy 25.9±5.5 26.0±5.7 26.0±5.6
 1 year 28.6±6.1 29.0±6.5 28.8±6.3 0.73
Pre-pregnancy BMI categoryh     0.89
 Normal (< 25) 28 (47.5) 45 (47.9) 73 (47.7)
 Overweight (≥25 or <30) 19 (32.2) 33 (35.1) 52 (34.0)
 Obese (≥30) 12 (20.3) 16 (17.0) 28 (18.3)
One year BMI category     0.66
 Normal (< 25) 18 (28.1) 30 (30.6) 48 (29.6)
 Overweight (≥25 or <30) 24 (37.5) 30 (30.6) 54 (33.3)
 Obese (≥30) 22 (34.4) 38 (38.8) 60 (39.0)
  1. a n and percentages represent those who answered the question.
  2. b Partner status identified by women and included single but living with a partner.
  3. c Women, Infants and Children.
  4. d Calculated among those who had previous children.
  5. e Low score is less than the median of 68 and high score is equal to or greater than the median.
  6. f Participants scoring positive on at least one of the three depression instruments administered.
  7. g Body Mass Index, calculated in kg/m2.
  8. h Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Body Mass Index. Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity, Atlanta, GA, 2011. http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/index.html.