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Table 4 Maternal sociodemographic characteristics of participants who were exclusively breastfeeding at 6months postpartum versus those who were not exclusively breastfeeding

From: Maternal sociodemographic characteristics and the use of the Iowa Infant Attitude Feeding Scale to describe breastfeeding initiation and duration in a population of urban, Latina mothers: a prospective cohort study

Characteristic Exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months n (%) or mean ± SD (n=14) Supplementation at 6 months n (%) or mean ± SD (n=161) Total n (%)aor mean ± SD (n=175) P value
Maternal age in years 27.6±5.9 26.3±5.2 26.4±5.2 0.36
Country of birth     0.03
 USA 0 (0.0) 11 (6.9) 11 (6.3)
 Mexico 4 (28.6) 96 (60.0) 100 (57.5)
 Central America 9 (64.3) 46 (28.8) 55 (31.6)
 Other 1 (7.1) 7 (4.4) 8 (4.6)
Primary language     0.05
 English 3 (21.4) 8 (5.0) 11 (6.3)
 Spanish 11 (78.6) 153 (95.0) 164 (93.7)
Years living in the US 9.5±12.1 6.3±5.0 6.5±6.0 0.05
 ≤1 4 (28.6) 20 (13.5) 24 (14.8)  
 > 1 and ≤ 5 3 (21.4) 58 (39.2) 61 (37.7)
 > 5 and ≤10 3 (21.4) 43 (29.0) 46 (28.4)
 > 10 4 (28.6) 27 (18.2) 31 (19.1)
Marital statusb     0.28
 Partnered 13 (92.9) 132 (82.5) 145 (83.3)
 Not partnered 1 (7.1) 28 (17.5) 29 (16.7)
Any employment     0.48
 Yes 4 (28.6) 54 (33.5) 58 (33.1)
 No 10 (71.4) 107 (66.5) 117 (66.9)
Education     <0.001
 High school or less 6 (42.9) 129 (81.6) 135 (78.5)
 Some college 2 (14.3) 26 (16.5) 28 (16.3)
 College 4 (28.6) 1 (0.6) 5 (2.9)
 Post college 2 (14.3) 2 (1.2) 4 (2.3)
WIC participationc     0.31
 Yes 12 (85.7) 149 (92.5) 161 (92.0)
 No 2 (14.3) 12 (7.5) 14 (8.0)
Other children     0.02
 Yes 3 (21.4) 89 (55.3) 92 (52.6)
 No 11 (78.6) 72 (44.7) 83 (47.4)
Previously breastfedd     0.76
 Yes 3 (100.0) 82 (91.1) 85 (91.4)
 No 0 (0.0) 8 (8.9) 8 (8.6)
IIFAS total score 71.2±8.0 67.0±7.1 67.4±7.3 0.04
IIFAS scoree     0.22
 Low score 5 (35.7) 81 (50.3) 86 (49.1)
 High score 9 (64.3) 80 (49.7) 89 (50.9)
Depressive symptoms at intakef     0.17
 Yes 6 (50.0) 49 (31.8) 55 (33.1)
 No 6 (50.0) 105 (68.2) 111 (66.9)
Depressive symptoms 4–6 weeks postpartum     0.28
 Yes 1 (7.1) 28 (17.7) 29 (16.9)
 No 13 (92.9) 130 (82.3) 143 (83.1)
Pre-pregnancy BMIg 24.4±6.5 26.3±5.5 26.1±5.6 0.27
Pre-pregnancy BMI categoryh     0.20
 Normal (< 25) 9 (69.2) 65 (44.8) 74 (46.8)
 Overweight (≥25 or <30) 2 (15.4) 51 (35.2) 53 (33.5)
 Obese (≥30) 2 (15.4) 29 (20.0) 31 (19.6)
  1. a n and percentages represent those who answered the question.
  2. b Partner status identified by women and included single but living with a partner.
  3. c Women, Infants and Children.
  4. d Calculated among those who had previous children.
  5. e Low score is less than the median of 68 and high score is equal to or greater than the median.
  6. f Participants scoring positive on at least one of the three depression instruments administered.
  7. g Body Mass Index, calculated in kg/m2.
  8. h Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Body Mass Index. Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity, Atlanta, GA, 2011. http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/index.html.