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Table 3 Maternal sociodemographic characteristics of participants who were breastfeeding at 6 months postpartum versus those who were not breastfeeding at 6 months postpartum

From: Maternal sociodemographic characteristics and the use of the Iowa Infant Attitude Feeding Scale to describe breastfeeding initiation and duration in a population of urban, Latina mothers: a prospective cohort study

Characteristic Breastfeeding at 6 months n (%) or mean ± SD (n = 135) Not breastfeeding at 6 months n (%) or mean ± SD (n = 50) Total n (%)aor mean ± SD (n = 185) P value
Maternal age in years 26.6±5.4 25.6±4.6 26.3±5.2 0.25
Country of birth     0.33
 USA 9 (6.7) 3 (6.0) 12 (6.5)
 Mexico 72 (53.7) 30 (60.0) 102 (55.4)
 Central America 49 (36.6) 13 (26.0) 62 (33.7)
 Other 4 (3.0) 4 (8.0) 8 (4.3)
Primary language     0.32
 English 10 (7.4) 2 (4.0) 12 (6.5)
 Spanish 125 (92.6) 48 (96.0) 173 (93.5)
Years living in the US 6.4±6.1 6.4±5.4 6.4±5.9 0.97
 ≤1 22 (17.6) 3 (6.5) 25 (14.6)  
 > 1 and ≤ 5 43 (34.4) 23 (50.0) 66 (38.6)
 > 5 and ≤10 38 (30.4) 11 (23.9) 49 (28.7)
 > 10 22 (17.6) 9 (19.6) 31 (18.1)
Marital statusb     0.07
 Partnered 116 (86.6) 38 (76.0) 154 (83.7)
 Not partnered 18 (13.4) 12 (24.0) 30 (16.3)
Any employment     0.14
 Yes 41 (30.4) 20 (40.0) 61 (33.0)
 No 94 (69.6) 30 (60.0) 124 (67.0)
Education     0.32
 High school or less 104 (77.6) 39 (81.2) 143 (78.6)
 Some college 22 (16.4) 8 (16.7) 30 (16.5)
 College 4 (3.0) 1 (2.1) 5 (2.7)
 Post college 4 (3.0) 0 (0.0) 4 (2.2)
WIC participationc     0.22
 Yes 123 (91.1) 48 (96.0) 171 (92.4)
 No 12 (8.9) 2 (4.0) 14 (7.6)
Other children     0.47
 Yes 73 (54.1) 26 (52.0) 99 (53.5)
 No 62 (45.9) 24 (48.0) 86 (46.5)
Previously breastfedd     0.004
 Yes 72 (97.3) 20 (76.9) 92 (92.0)
 No 2 (2.7) 6 (23.1) 8 (8.0)
IIFAS total score 68.2±7.2 65.3±7.3 67.4±7.3 0.02
IIFAS scoree     0.15
 Low score 62 (45.9) 28 (56.0) 90 (48.6)
 High score 73 (54.1) 22 (44.0) 95 (51.4)
Depressive symptoms at intakef 45 (35.7) 16 (32.0) 61 (34.7) 0.39
 Yes 81 (64.3) 34 (68.0) 115 (65.3)
 No
Depressive symptoms 4–6 weeks postpartum     0.37
 Yes 23 (17.6) 7 (14.0) 30 (16.6)
 No 108 (82.4) 43 (86.0) 151 (83.4)
Pre-pregnancy BMIg 25.8±5.0 26.7±6.6 26.1±5.5 0.37
Pre-pregnancy BMI categoryh     0.26
 Normal (< 25) 56 (46.6) 23 (48.9) 79 (47.3)
 Overweight (≥25 or <30) 44 (36.7) 12 (25.5) 56 (33.5)
 Obese (≥30) 20 (16.7) 12 (25.5) 32 (19.2)
  1. a n and percentages represent those who answered the question.
  2. b Partner status identified by women and included single but living with a partner.
  3. c Women, Infants and Children.
  4. d Calculated among those who had previous children.
  5. e Low score is less than the median of 68 and high score is equal to or greater than the median.
  6. f Participants scoring positive on at least one of the three depression instruments administered.
  7. g Body Mass Index, calculated in kg/m2.
  8. h Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Body Mass Index. Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity, Atlanta, GA, 2011. http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/index.html.