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Table 2 Maternal sociodemographic characteristics of participants who initiated breastfeeding versus those who did not initiate breastfeeding

From: Maternal sociodemographic characteristics and the use of the Iowa Infant Attitude Feeding Scale to describe breastfeeding initiation and duration in a population of urban, Latina mothers: a prospective cohort study

Characteristic Initiated breastfeeding n (%) or mean±SD (n = 177) Did not initiate breastfeeding n (%) or mean±SD (n = 8) Total n (%)aor mean±SD n = 185 p value
Maternal age in years 26.3±5.3 27.5±4.2 26.3±5.2 0.52
Country of birth     0.47
 USA 12 (6.8) 0 (0.0) 12 (6.5)
 Mexico 96 (54.5) 6 (75.0) 102 (55.4)
 Central America 60 (34.1) 2 (35.0) 62 (33.7)
 Other 8 (4.5) 0 (0.0) 8 (4.3)
Primary language     0.58
 English 12 (6.8) 0 (0.0) 12 (6.5)
 Spanish 165 (93.2) 8 (100.0) 173 (93.5)
Years living in the US 6.3±5.8 8.6±7.4 6.4±5.9 0.28
 ≤1 24 (14.7) 1 (12.5) 25 (14.6)  
 > 1 and ≤ 5 64 (39.3) 2 (25.0) 66 (38.6)
 > 5 and ≤10 47 (28.8) 2 (25.0) 49 (28.7)
 > 10 28 (17.2) 3 (37.5) 31 (18.1)
Marital statusb     0.62
 Partnered 147 (83.5) 7 (87.5) 154 (83.7)
 Not partnered 29 (16.5) 1 (12.5) 30 (16.3)
Any employment     0.53
 Yes 58 (32.8) 3 (37.5) 61 (33.0)
 No 119 (67.2) 5 (62.5) 124 (67.0)
Education     0.48
 High school or less 137 (78.3) 6 (85.7) 143 (78.6)
 Some college 29 (16.6) 1 (14.3) 30 (16.5)
 College 5 (2.8) 0 (0.0) 5 (2.7)
 Post college 4 (2.3) 0 (0.0) 4 (2.2)
WIC participationc     0.53
 Yes 163 (92.1) 8 (100.0) 171 (92.4)
 No 14 (7.9) 0 (0.0) 14 (7.6)
Other children     0.44
 Yes 94 (53.1) 5 (62.5) 99 (53.5)
 No 83 (46.9) 3 (37.5) 86 (46.5)
Previously breastfedd     0.05
 Yes 89 (93.7) 3 (60.0) 92 (92.0)
 No 6 (6.3) 2 (40.0) 8 (8.0)
IIFAS total score 67.7±7.2 61.6±8.2 67.4±7.3 0.02
IIFAS scoree     0.12
 Low score 84 (47.5) 6 (75.0) 90 (48.6)
 High score 93 (52.5) 2 (25.0) 95 (51.4)
Depressive symptomsf     0.43
 Yes 59 (35.1) 2 (25.0) 61 (34.7)
 No 109 (64.9) 6 (75.0) 115 (65.3)
Pre-pregnancy BMIg 26.0±5.5 27.0±5.4 26.1±5.5 0.61
Pre-pregnancy BMI categoryh     0.27
 Normal (< 25) 75 (47.2) 4 (50.0) 79 (47.3)
 Overweight (≥25 or <30) 55 (34.6) 1 (12.5) 56 (33.5)
 Obese (≥30) 29 (18.2) 3 (37.5) 32 (19.2)
  1. an and percentages represent those who answered the question.
  2. b Partner status identified by women and included single but living with a partner.
  3. c Women, Infants and Children.
  4. d Calculated among those who had previous children.
  5. e Low score is less than the median of 68 and high score is equal to or greater than the median.
  6. f Participants scoring positive on at least one of the three depression instruments administered.
  7. g Body Mass Index, calculated in kg/m2.
  8. h Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Body Mass Index. Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity, Atlanta, GA, 2011. http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/index.html.