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Table 3 Univariable and multivariable logistic regression of predictors of exclusive breastfeeding in Kilimanjaro region (n = 624)

From: Prevalence and predictors of exclusive breastfeeding among women in Kilimanjaro region, Northern Tanzania: a population based cross-sectional study

Variable n n (%) EBF COR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
Mothers information
Age in years
Less than 20 44 9 (20.5) Reference    
20-34 462 95 (20.6) 1 0.5, 2.2 - -
35+ 118 25 (21.2) 1.1 0.4, 2.5 - -
Marital status
Married/cohabiting 517 129 (22.8) Reference    
Single 107 11 (10.3) 0.4 0.2, 0.8 0.4 0.2, 0.9
Employment
No 136 27 (19.9) Reference    
Yes 488 102 (20.9) 1.1 0.7, 1.7 - -
Occupation
Unemployed 142 27 (19.0) Reference    
Agriculture 257 54 (21.0) 1.1 0.7, 1.9 - -
Small scale business 154 38 (24.7) 1.4 0.8, 2.4 - -
Casual/unskilled 35 4 (14.3) 0.7 0.3, 2.0 - -
Skilled/professional 36 5 (13.9) 0.7 0.2, 1.9 - -
Years of education
Primary incomplete 44 10 (22.7) Reference    
Primary complete 468 98 (20.9) 0.9 0.4, 1.9 - -
Secondary school and above 112 21 (18.8) 0.8 0.3, 1.8 - -
Alcohol intake (n = 620)**
No 377 95 (25.2) Reference    
Yes 243 33 (13.6) 0.5 0.3, 0.7 0.4 0.2, 0.6
Number of children
One child 192 39 (20.3) Reference    
2-4 children 324 69 (21.3) 1.1 0.7, 1.7 - -
5 + children 108 21(19.4) 0.9 0.5, 1.7 - -
Type of delivery
Spontaneous vaginal delivery 579 124 (21.4) Reference    
Caesarean section 45 5 (11.1) 0.5 0.2, 1.2 - -
HIV results (n = 605)**
HIV- 584 121 (20.7) Reference    
HIV+ 19 3 (15.8) 0.7 0.2, 2.5   -
Didn’t provide the results 2 1 (50.0) 3.8 0.2, 61.6   -
Advised on breastfeeding during ANC (605)**
No 175 19 (10.9) Reference    
Yes 430 108 (24.1) 2.6 1.6, 4.7 1.6 0.9, 3.0
  1. **- variables with missing information.
  2. ∞- variables included in the model: marital status, advice on breastfeeding during ANC and after delivery, child age, fathers level of education, area of residence.
  3. ANC antenatal care.
  4. AOR adjusted odds ratio.
  5. BMI body mass index.
  6. CI confidence interval.
  7. COR crude odds ratio.
  8. EBF exclusive breastfeeding.