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Table 4 Beliefs, attitudes, about breastfeeding and breastfeeding practices among mothers and health care workers

From: Infant feeding practices and determinants of poor breastfeeding behavior in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo: a descriptive study

Knowledge about breastfeeding* True (%) False (%) Don’t know (%)
Mothers    
A woman who is exclusively breastfeeding is less likely to become pregnant three months after delivery than a woman who is formula feeding 39 (60) 9 (14) 17 (26)
Supplemental feeding is detrimental to the establishment of a good milk supply 36 (55) 13 (20) 17 (26)
It is usually advisable for babies to receive liquid (water, sugar, juice, etc.…) before the first breastfeeding 8 (12) 47 (71) 11 (17)
It is usually advisable for mothers not to give their babies the first milk that comes out after delivery 6 (9) 50 (76) 10 (15)
If a child who is breastfed has not regained his birth weight by two weeks, the mother should be encouraged to start supplement breast milk with the bottle. 13 (20) 43 (65) 10 (15)
A breastfeeding mother who feels that breast milk is insufficient should supplement it with a bottle or porridge after each feeding. 33 (50) 28 (42) 5 (8)
A baby who is breastfeed still needs to drink water like everyone else 30 (45) 30 (45) 6 (9)
If a baby cries at night, it is recommended to give him a bottle before putting him/her to sleep. 7 (11) 55 (83) 4 (6)
Health care workers    
In the first 1 or 2 days after birth the quantity of milk produced is too small to meet all the needs of a baby 36 (75) 10 (25) 0
Colostrum acts as a purgative and is important to clear the meconium and helps prevent jaundice 42 (88) 3 (6) 3 (6)
A newborn who is being breastfed still needs to drink water like everyone else - 48 (100) -
Children who are exclusively breastfed tend to have fewer episodes of diarrhea 48 (100) - -
Children who are exclusively breastfed are more likely to develop an ear infection or pneumonia - 47 (98) 1 (2)
Regular and frequent breastfeeding can help reduce the risk of uterine bleeding and help the uterus return to its previous size 44 (92) 3 (6) 1 (2)
Frequent, on demand, and prolonged breastfeeding can help reduce the risk of breast or ovarian cancer 32 (67) 6 (12) 10 (21)
Mothers who think their breast milk is insufficient for their baby should top up each breastfeeding with a bottle of formula or porridge, juice etc.… 35 (73) 2 (4) 11 (23)
  1. *Statements were read to participants and they were asked to state for each whether it was “true”, “false”, or if they “don’t know.”