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Table 4 Hospital data for mothers and infants

From: Effects of mother-infant skin-to-skin contact on severe latch-on problems in older infants: a randomized trial

  Experimental
group
n = 53
No. (%)
Control group
n = 50
No. (%)
Care practices   
Oxygen postpartum 14 (28) 10 (20)
Oral or gastric suction postpartum 19 (39) 16 (34)
No separation first hour postpartum 28 (55) 28 (58)
Breastfeeding attempt ≤2 hour postpartum 16 (31) 19 (40)
Infant   
Complications first days postpartum   
Hypoglycemia 14 (27) 14 (29)
Jaundice 11 (22) 12 (24)
Weight loss 10% 8 (16) 8 (16)
Blocked/obstructed nose/ breathing 2 (4) 3 (6)
Swollen tongue 1 (2) 0 (0)
Occasional vomiting first days 19 (44) 13 (31)
Tongue-tie 0 (0) 2 (4)
Mothers   
Noted “physical problems” from the record   
Breast/nipple status   
-sores or/and severe nipple pain 7 (15) 7 (15)
-inverted, flat nipple 16 (32) 24 (51)
-previous breast reduction 3 (6) 3 (6)
“Hands-on latch intervention” during hospital stay   
-yes 43 (93) 44 (96)
Supplementary feeding   
Formula 42 (84) 39 (78)
Supplement days Md (Q1, 3) 2 (0–4) 2 (0–3)
Reason for supplement feeding   
Medical reason 29 (58) 24 (48)
No reason given 13 (26) 15 (30)
Maternity stay, (hour) Md (Q1, 3) 120 (102–141) 114 (84–135)
  1. * Some infants had more than one complication.