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Table 3 Socio-economic and obstetric background data collected from medical records

From: Effects of mother-infant skin-to-skin contact on severe latch-on problems in older infants: a randomized trial

Characteristics Experimental
group n = 53
No. (%)
Control group
n = 50
No. (%)
Mothers   
Age (years) Md (Q1, 3) 31 (29–34) 33 (29–35)
Primipara 43 (84) 36 (72)
Education   
Primary 4 (8) 4 (9)
Secondary 18 (37) 17 (36)
University 27 (55) 26 (55)
Civil status   
Married or cohabiting 50 (98) 48 (98)
Obstetrical data   
Pre-eclampsia 8 (16) 7 (15)
Induction of labor 11 (22) 6 (12)
Normal vaginal delivery 23 (45) 31 (62)
Vacuum extraction 7 (14) 3 (6)
Forceps 1 (2) 0 (0)
Caesarean section birth   
Elective 9 (18) 10 (20)
Emergency 11 (22) 6 (12)
Presentation   
Head 44 (88) 44 (90)
Breech/foot 6 (12) 5 (10)
Oxytocin infusion 39 (83) 29 (73)
Meconium stained in amniotic fluid 12 (24) 15 (31)
Ruptured membranes >24h 6 (12) 7 (15)
Anesthesia *   
No anesthesia 12 (12) 14 (14)
General anesthesia 2 (4) 2 (4)
Epidural block 21 (41) 16 (31)
Spinal block 16 (31) 13 (27)
Pudendal block 4 (8) 2 (4)
Nitros oxide 25 (51) 33 (70)
Bleeding postpartum (ml) Md (Q1, 3) 465 (317–700) 405 (310–582)
Infant   
Gestational age (weeks) Md (range) 39 (34–42) 39 (34–41)
Birth weight (g) Md (range) 3460 (2130–4790) 3500 (2070–4490)
Gender female 29 (55) 27 (54)
Healthy full-term, Apgar >7 at 5 min 38 (78) 40 (85)
Full-term, Apgar ≤7 at 5 min 4 (8) 0 (0)
Healthy premature ≤ week 37 Apgar >7 at 5 min 7 (14) 6 (13)
Premature ≤ week 37 Apgar <7 at 5 min 0 (0) 1 (2)
Infant cared for in the neonatal ward 10 (20) 3 (6)
  1. * Some mothers had more than one types of anesthesia.