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Table 1 Overview of methods and research procedure (with approximately required time in parentheses)

From: Effects of mother-infant skin-to-skin contact on severe latch-on problems in older infants: a randomized trial

First visit  
Interview Interview on background data and current breastfeeding situation (1 hour)
Self-rating scales Breastfeeding Emotional Scale and Breastfeeding Pain Scale assessing feelings about breastfeeding in general (5 minutes)
Screening Screening for latch-on problems during a breastfeeding session, including observation, assessment and consultation (30 minutes)
Randomization Skin-to-skin during breastfeeding (experimental group) or in a common breastfeeding position during breastfeeding (control group)
Intervention Breastfeeding session according to randomization (45 minutes) Breastfeeding Emotional Scale and Breastfeeding Pain Scale recalling feelings during the breastfeeding session (five minutes
Visit after one week Support (varying time)
Visit after four months  
Interview Questions about the current feeding situation (30 minutes)
Self-rating scales Breastfeeding Emotional Scale and Breastfeeding Pain Scale (5 minutes)
Breastfeeding Breastfeeding session (20 minutes)
Self-rating scales Breastfeeding Emotional Scale and Breastfeeding Pain Scale (5 minutes)