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Table 2 Intra- and inter-regional comparisons of the percentages of not breastfeeding onset by neonatal/maternal characteristics and type of hospital

From: Uneven chances of breastfeeding in Spain

  Catalonia Valencia 2 Regions comparison
n (%) p-valuea n (%) p-valuea p-valuea
Type of delivery   < 0.0001   < 0.0001  
  Single 24060 (16.6)   15435 (16.3)   0.050
  Multiple 3594 (57.3)   1693 (51.7)   < 0.0001
Mode of delivery   < 0.0001   < 0.0001  
  Vaginal 17940 (16.0)   9787 (13.5)   < 0.0001
  Caesarean section 10957 (24.6)   7098 (29.0)   < 0.0001
Sex   0.428   0.081  
  Male 15254 (18.4)   7706 (16.8)   < 0.0001
  Female 14156 (18.3)   7128 (16.3)   < 0.0001
Gestational age (weeks)   < 0.0001   < 0.0001  
  VPTB (<32) 762 (57.8)   347 (49.8)   < 0.0001
  MPTB (32-36) 4511 (43.4)   2528 (34.5)   < 0.0001
  At Term (≥37) 23698 (16.2)   13443 (15.7)   0.202
Birthweight (grams)   < 0.0001   < 0.0001  
  VLBW (<1500) 797 (64.4)   331 (51.2)   < 0.0001
  MLBW (1500-2499) 4961 (46.0)   2495 (36.0)   < 0.0001
  Normal (≥ 2500) 23978 (16.0)   13778 (15.7)   0.590
Maternal age (years)   < 0.0001   < 0.0001  
  <20 530 (16.2)   329 (16.6)   0.729
  20-34 20650 (17.6)   10041 (16.8)   < 0.0001
  ≥35 7746 (20.8)   4564 (20.4)   0.264
Maternal origin   < 0.0001   < 0.0001  
  Spain 23709 (20.1)   14109 (19.0)   < 0.0001
  Latin-America 1806 (9.1)   316 (5.9)   < 0.0001
  Maghreb 747 (7.5)   149 (5.9)   0.004
  Eastern-Europe 346 (10.3)   321 (8.9)   0.610
  Sub-Saharan Africa 149 (8.1)   63 (12.9)   0.002
  North-Asia 899 (52.3)   217 (49.2)   0.262
  South-Asia 174 (13.5)   21 (13.1)   1
  Other regions 335 (12.4)   342 (13.3)   0.260
Type of hospital   < 0.0001   < 0.0001  
  Public 20271 (17.5)   15052 (17.3)   0.124
  Private 9532 (20.3)   1899 (18.7)   < 0.0001
  1. a = p-value < 0.05.
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