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Table 2 Comparison of breastfeeding rates, complications and experience in mothers with type 1 diabetes (DG) and the reference group (RG)

From: Breastfeeding and its impact on daily life in women with type 1 diabetes during the first six months after childbirth: a prospective cohort study

Variables Diabetes group 02 months n = 108 Reference group 02 months n = 104 DG versus RG 02 months (p value) Diabetes group 26 months n = 108 Reference group 26 months n = 99 DG versus RG 26 months p value)
Breastfeeding rate * n (%) 88 (80.7) 95 (91.3) 0.0452 67 (61.5) 79 (76.7) 0.0232
Exclusive 72 (80.0) 82 (86.3) 0.3252 28 (44.4) 30 (40.5) 0.7292
Breastfeeding complications n (%)       
Insufficient milk supply 35 (36.1) 28 (29.5) 0.3592 31 (35.2) 31 (28.6) 0.5531
Oversupply of breast milk 36 (37.1) 33 (34.7) 0.8471 20 (22.7) 17 (16.2) 0.6511
Blocked ducts       
Once 10 (10.3) 12 (12.6) 0.6562 9 (10.2) 7 (6.7) 0.6361
Twice or more 4 (4.1) 11 (11.6) 0.0632 4 (4.5) 5 (4.8) 0.5531
Cracked nipples 29 (29.9) 52 (54.7) 0.0012 10 (11.4) 6 (5.7) 0.4941
Painful breastfeeding 34 (35.4) 54 (56.8) 0.0091 8 (9.1) 8 (7.6) 0.5431
Breastfeeding experience n (%)       
Positive 97 (94.2) 98 (95.1) 1.001 90 (92.8) 89 (90.8) 0.5421
Importance of breastfeeding n (%) n = 101 n = 104 0.2041 n = 105 n = 99 0.7241
Very important /important 77 (76.2) 78 (74.3)   83 (79.8) 74 (74.7)  
Quite important 21 (20.8) 19 (18.1)   21 (20.2) 20 (20.2)  
Not important/ not relevant 3 (3.0) 8 (7.6)   0 (0.0) 5 (5.1)  
  1. 1 Pearson’s Chi-square 2 Fisher’s Exact test * The numbers report on occurrence of breastfeeding at 2 and 6 months interviews. Data reported elsewhere[11].