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Table 1 Characteristics of mothers and newborns

From: An observational study of associations among maternal fluids during parturition, neonatal output, and breastfed newborn weight loss

Characteristics Frequency n
Maternal age (years) [+/- SD(range)] 32 +/- 4.3 (22-45) 106
Committed relationship (%) 108 (100) 108
Completed post-secondary education (%) 88 (81) 108
Family income > 70 K (CAN) (%) 90 (83) 107
Never smoked (%) 93 (86) 108
Primiparous women (%) 46 (42) 108
Multiparous women's years of breastfeeding experience - all children [median (range)] 1 year (0.10-5.30) 108
Decided to breastfeed before pregnant (%) 97 (92) 106
Plan to exclusively breastfeed for 6 months (%) 84 (83) 101
Planned to breastfeed for 1 year or more (%) 78 (76) 102
Gestation (weeks) [+/- SD(range)] 39.8 +/- 1.2 (37-42) 109
Care at birth (%)   
Obstetrician 89 (82)  
Family physician 13 (12) 109
Midwife 7 (6)  
Birth type (%)   
Vaginal 82 (75)  
Planned caesarean 13 (12) 109
Unplanned caesarean 14 (13)  
Intravenous inserted before birth (%) 80 (78) 102
Epidural for vaginal birth (%) n = 82 52 (63) 108
Oxytocin for induction or augmentation (%) 50 (46) 109
Late onset of lactogenesis II [> 72 hours] (%) 43 (41) 104
Newborn sex (%)   
Female 55 (51) 109
Male 54 (49)  
Newborn birth weight (grams) [+/- SD(range)] 3619 +/- 502
(2185-4707)
108
Supplemented in hospital (%) 28 (27) 104
Treated for jaundice (%) 11 (10) 109
Feeding categories at 2 weeks (%)   
Exclusively breastfed (breast milk from birth) 67 (62)  
Totally breastfed (no supplements in Week 2) 15 (14) 108
Predominant breast milk (1-2 supps/day in Week 2) 14 (13)  
Partial or no breast milk (> 2 supps/day in Week 2) 12 (11)