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Table 3 Discussion of advantages and disadvantages of infant feeding options

From: Effect of using HIV and infant feeding counselling cards on the quality of counselling provided to HIV positive mothers: a cluster randomized controlled trial

Provider discussed advantages and disadvantages for the following infant feeding options Intervention Control Relative Risk (95%CI) #
  Total = 180* Total = 180*  
  n (%) n (%)  
Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months followed by cessation of breastfeeding    
Advantages    
   Yes 171 (100) 168 (94.9) 1.05 (1.02, 1.09)
   No 0 (0) 9 (5.1)  
Disadvantages    
   Yes 167 (98.8) 143 (84.1) 1.18 (1.05, 1.32)
   No 2 (1.2) 27 (15.9)  
Formula    
Advantages    
   Yes 163 (95.9) 137 (78.3) 1.23 (1.02, 1.47)
   No 7 (4.1) 38 (21.7)  
Disadvantages    
   Yes 160 (94.7) 127 (73.8) 1.28 (1.04, 1.58)
   No 9 (5.3) 45 (26.2)  
Expressed and heat treated breast milk    
Advantages    
   Yes 127 (77.9) 12 (7.9) 9.87 (4.78, 20.36)
   No 36 (22.1) 140 (92.1)  
Disadvantages    
   Yes 124 (76.5) 10 (6.8) 11.33 (4.90, 26.21)
   No 38 (23.5) 138 (93.2)  
Mentioned risk of acquiring pneumonia for a baby on formula 133 (75.6) 51 (28.7) 2.64 (1.53, 4.55)
Mentioned risk of acquiring diarrhoea for a baby on formula 163 (92.6) 138 (77.5) 1.20 (1.01, 1.41)
Portrayed risks of death on formula higher than exclusive breastfeeding 94 (55.3) 73 (45.3) 1.22 (0.76, 1.95)
Health provider performance with regard to the quality of discussing advantages and disadvantages of infant feeding option was excellent 83 (46.6) 16 (8.9) 5.22 (2.19, 12.44)
  1. * Totals may not add up due to missing information
  2. # 95% Confidence Interval