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Table 2 General counselling skills and decision-making process for choosing feeding option

From: Effect of using HIV and infant feeding counselling cards on the quality of counselling provided to HIV positive mothers: a cluster randomized controlled trial

Factor Intervention
Total = 180*
n (%)
Control
Total = 180*
n (%)
Relative Risk (95%CI) #
Time taken for counselling sessions (minutes)    
Mean (95% CI) Total = 164
35.6 (32.7, 38.5)
Total = 161
30.9 (27.4, 34.4)
2.2(0.3, 9.0)a
Provider established rapport 179 (100) 175 (97.8) 1.02 (1.00, 1.05)b
Provider listened effectively 171 (96.6) 158 (88.8) 1.09 (0.99, 1.20)
Provider used helpful non-verbal communication 168 (94.4) 142 (79.3) 1.19 (1.02, 1.39)
Provider used open-ended questions 160 (90.4) 129 (72.1) 1.25 (1.04, 1.52)
Provider used words that sound judging 30 (17.4) 19 (10.7) 1.63 (0.73, 3.68)
Provider used visual aids in explaining risk of HIV transfer through breast milk 141 (79.2) 30 (17.0) 4.65 (2.28, 9.46)
Provider discussed possible advantages for informing partner of her HIV status 166 (92.7) 146 (82.0) 1.13 (0.99, 1.29)
Provider discussed possible advantages for informing anyone else living in the household of her HIV status 152 (84.9) 103 (58.2) 1.46 (1.11, 1.92)
Partner involvement in infant feeding decisions discussed 161 (91.0) 116 (65.9) 1.38 (1.09, 1.75)
Provider checked mother's understanding of her feeding choice 166 (93.8) 129 (72.9) 1.29 (1.08, 1.53)
Provider performance with regards to quality of counselling was excellent 123 (69.5) 69 (38.5) 1.80 (1.09, 2.97)
  1. * Totals may not add up due to missing information
  2. # 95% Confidence Interval
  3. a Mean difference (95% Confidence Interval)
  4. b Confidence Interval includes 1