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Table 4 Factors independentlya associated with initiation of breastfeeding and any and exclusive breastfeeding at discharge from hospital after adjustment for potential confoundersb (n = 373)

From: Determinants of breastfeeding initiation among mothers in Kuwait

Variables n Ever initiated breastfeeding Any breastfeeding at discharge from hospital Exclusive breastfeeding at discharge from hospital
   AdjOR c CI 95% AdjOR CI 95% AdjOR CI 95%
Biomedical        
Method of delivery        
   Vaginal (ref) 235 NS   1.00   1.00  
   Cesarean section 138    0.60 0.33, 1.06 0.15 0.05, 0.43
Infant admitted to SCU        
   Yes (ref) 76 1.00   1.00   1.00  
   No 297 5.67 2.49, 12.95 2.85 1.52, 5.33 4.23 0.98, 18.34
Psychosocial        
Father prefers breastfeeding        
   Yes (ref) 300 NS   1.00   NS  
   No or ambivalent 73    0.49 0.25, 0.96   
Sociodemographic        
Country of mother's birth        
   Kuwait & Gulf countries (ref) 209 1.00   NS   1.00  
   Other Arab countries 123 3.47 1.12, 10.80    3.12 1.46, 6.66
   Other world countries 41 1.38 0.38, 8.82    1.49 0.45, 4.93
  1. aAll variables in the final model were variables for which, when excluded, the change in deviance compared with the corresponding χ2 test statistic on the relevant degrees of freedom was significant.
  2. b Non-significant variables were maternal grandmother preference of breastfeeding, when the feeding decision was made, previous employment status, future employment intentions, number of years schooling, whether maternal grandmother breastfed any of her children, father's occupation, parity, maternal age, mother's occupation, attendance at antenatal classes
  3. cAdjOR: Adjusted Odds Ratio